Today in History: September 5

Today in History: September 5

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1664

After days of negotiation, the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam surrenders to the British, who will rename it New York.

1666

The Fire of London is extinguished after two days.

1792

Maximilien Robespierre is elected to the National Convention in France.

1804

US Navy lieutenant Richard Somers and members of his crew are buried at Tripoli; they died when USS Intrepid exploded while entering Tripoli harbor on a mission to destroy the enemy fleet there during the First Barbary War.

1816

Louis XVIII of France dissolves the chamber of deputies, which has been challenging his authority.

1859

Harriot E. Wilson's Our Nig, is published, the first U.S. novel by an African American woman.

1867

The first shipment of cattle leaves Abilene, Kansas, on a Union Pacific train headed to Chicago.

1870

Author Victor Hugo returns to Paris from the Isle of Guernsey where he had lived in exile for almost 20 years.

1877

The great Sioux warrior Crazy Horse is fatally bayoneted at age 36 by a soldier at Fort Robinson, Nebraska.

1878

Bat Masterson, Wyatt Earp, Bill Tilghman and Clay Allison, four of the West's most famous gunmen, meet in Dodge City, Kansas.

1905

The Russian-Japanese War ends as representatives of the combating empires, meeting in New Hampshire, sign the Treaty of Portsmouth. Japan achieves virtually all of its original war aims.

1910

Marie Curie demonstrates the transformation of radium ore to metal at the Academy of Sciences in France.

1944

Germany launches its first V-2 missile at Paris, France.

1958

Martin Luther King Jr. is arrested in an Alabama protest for loitering and fined $14 for refusing to obey police.

1960

Leopold Sedar Sengingor, poet and politician, is elected president of Senegal, Africa.

1969

Charges are brought against US lieutenant William Calley in the March 1968 My Lai Massacre during Vietnam War.

1972

""Black September," a Palestinian terrorist group take 11 Israeli athletes hostage at the Olympic Games in Munich; by midnight all hostages and all but 3 terrorists are dead.

1975

President Gerald Ford evades an assassination attempt in Sacramento, California.

1977

Voyager 1 space probe launched.

1977

Hanns-Martin Schleyer, a German business executive who headed to powerful organization and had been an SS officer during WW2, is abducted by the left-wing extremist group Red Army Faction, who execute him on Oct. 18.

1978

Israel's Menachem Begin and Egypt's Anwar Sadat begin discussions on a peace process, at Camp David, Md.

1980

World's longest tunnel opens; Switzerland's St. Gotthard Tunnel stretches 10.14 miles (16.224 km) from Goschenen to Airolo.

1984

Space Shuttle Discovery lands afters its maiden voyage.

1996

Hurricane Fran comes ashore near Cape Fear, No. Car. It will kill 27 people and cause more than $3 billion in damage.