After days of negotiation, the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam surrenders to the British, who will rename it New York.
US Navy lieutenant Richard Somers and members of his crew are buried at Tripoli; they died when USS Intrepid exploded while entering Tripoli harbor on a mission to destroy the enemy fleet there during the First Barbary War.
Louis XVIII of France dissolves the chamber of deputies, which has been challenging his authority.
The first shipment of cattle leaves Abilene, Kansas, on a Union Pacific train headed to Chicago.
Author Victor Hugo returns to Paris from the Isle of Guernsey where he had lived in exile for almost 20 years.
The great Sioux warrior Crazy Horse is fatally bayoneted at age 36 by a soldier at Fort Robinson, Nebraska.
The Russian-Japanese War ends as representatives of the combating empires, meeting in New Hampshire, sign the Treaty of Portsmouth. Japan achieves virtually all of its original war aims.
Marie Curie demonstrates the transformation of radium ore to metal at the Academy of Sciences in France.
Martin Luther King Jr. is arrested in an Alabama protest for loitering and fined $14 for refusing to obey police.
""Black September," a Palestinian terrorist group take 11 Israeli athletes hostage at the Olympic Games in Munich; by midnight all hostages and all but 3 terrorists are dead.
President Gerald Ford evades an assassination attempt in Sacramento, California.
Hanns-Martin Schleyer, a German business executive who headed to powerful organization and had been an SS officer during WW2, is abducted by the left-wing extremist group Red Army Faction, who execute him on Oct. 18.
Israel's Menachem Begin and Egypt's Anwar Sadat begin discussions on a peace process, at Camp David, Md.
World's longest tunnel opens; Switzerland's St. Gotthard Tunnel stretches 10.14 miles (16.224 km) from Goschenen to Airolo.
Space Shuttle Discovery lands afters its maiden voyage.