On This Day In History. What Happened Today In History

Today in History: November 21

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1620

Leaders of the Mayflower expedition frame the "Mayflower Compact," designed to bolster unity among the settlers.

1783

Jean de Rozier and the Marquis d'Arlandes make the first free-flight ascent in a balloon to over 500 feet in Paris.

1789

North Carolina ratifies the Constitution, becoming the 12th state to do it.

1855

Franklin Colman, a pro-slavery Missourian, guns down Charles Dow, a Free Stater from Ohio, near Lawrence, Kansas.

1864

From Georgia, Confederate General John B. Hood launches the Franklin-Nashville Campaign into Tennessee.

1904

Motorized omnibuses replace horse-drawn cars in Paris.

1906

In San Juan, President Theodore Roosevelt pledges citizenship for Puerto Rican people.

1907

Cunard liner Mauritania sets a new speed record for steamship travel, 624 nautical miles in a one day run.

1911

Suffragettes storm Parliament in London. All are arrested and all choose prison terms.

1917

German ace Rudolf von Eschwege is killed over Macedonia when he attacks a booby-trapped observation balloon packed with explosives.

1918

The last German troops leave Alsace-Lorraine, France.

1927

Police turn machine guns on striking Colorado mine workers, killing five and wounding 20.

1934

A New York court rules Gloria Vanderbilt unfit for custody of her daughter.

1934

Cole Porter's musical Anything Goes premieres at New York's Alvin Theatre.

1949

The United Nations grants Libya its independence by 1952.

1967

President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the air quality act, allotting $428 million for the fight against pollution.

1970

U.S. planes conduct widespread bombing raids in North Vietnam.

1985

US Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard arrested for spying and passing classified information to Israel; he received a life sentence on Nov. 1, 1987.

1986

The Justice Department begins an inquiry into the National Security Council into what will become known as the Iran-Contra scandal.

1995

The Dayton Peace Agreement is initialed at Wright Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio; the agreement, formally ratified in Paris on Dec. 14, ends the three-and-a-half year war between Bosnia and Herzegovina.

2006

Anti-Syrian Lebanese Minister and MP Pierre Gemayel assassinated in Beirut.