Today in History: September 8

Today in History: September 8

Pick a day:

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1504

Michelangelo's 13-foot marble statue of David is unveiled in Florence, Italy.

1529

The Ottoman Sultan Suleiman re-enters Budapest and establishes John Zapolya as the puppet king of Hungary.

1565

Spanish explorers found St. Augustine, Florida, the first permanent European settlement in what is now the United States.

1628

John Endecott arrives with colonists at Salem, Massachusetts, where he will become the governor.

1644

The Dutch colony of New Amsterdam surrenders to the British fleet that sails into its harbor. Five years later, the British change the name to New York.

1755

British forces under William Johnson defeat the French and the Indians at the Battle of Lake George.

1760

The French surrender the city of Montreal to the British.

1845

A French column surrenders at Sidi Brahim in the Algerian War.

1863

Confederate Lieutenant Dick Dowling thwarts a Union naval landing at Sabine Pass, northeast of Galveston, Texas.

1903

Between 30,000 and 50,000 Bulgarian men, women and children are massacred in Monastir by Turkish troops seeking to check a threatened Macedonian uprising.

1906

Robert Turner invents the automatic typewriter return carriage.

1915

Germany begins a new offensive in Argonne on the Western Front.

1921

Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C., is named the first Miss America.

1925

Germany is admitted into the League of Nations.

1935

Senator Huey Long of Louisiana is shot to death in the state capitol, allegedly by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss, Jr.

1944

Germany's V-2 offensive against England begins.

1945

Korea is partitioned by the Soviet Union and the United States.

1951

Japanese representatives sign a peace treaty in San Francisco.

1955

The United States, Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Thailand sign the mutual defense treaty that established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).

1960

President Dwight Eisenhower dedicates NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.

1960

Penguin Books in Britain is charged with obscenity for trying to publish the D.H. Lawrence novel Lady Chatterley's Lover.

1971

The Kennedy Center opens in Washington, DC with a performance of Leonard Bernstein's Mass.

1974

President Gerald Ford pardons former President Richard M. Nixon for any crimes arising from the Watergate scandal he may have committed while in office.

1988

Wildfires in Yellowstone National Park in the US, the world's first national park, force evacuation of the historic Old Faithful Inn; visitors and employees evacuate but the inn is saved.

1991

Macedonian Independence Day; voters overwhelmingly approve referendum to form the Republic of Macedonia, independent of Yugoslavia.

1994

USAir Flight 427 crashes on approach to Pittsburgh International Airport, killing all 132 people aboard; subsequent investigation leads to changes in manufacturing practices and pilot training.