Today in History: July 22

Today in History: July 22

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1298

King Edward I defeats the Scots under William Wallace at Falkirk.

1515

Emperor Maximilian and Vladislav of Bohemia forge an alliance between the Hapsburg and Jagiello dynasties in Vienna.

1652

Prince Conde's rebels narrowly defeat Chief Minister Mazarin's loyalist forces at St. Martin, near Paris.

1789

Thomas Jefferson becomes the first head of the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs.

1812

A British army under the Duke of Wellington defeats the French at Salamanca, Spain.

1814

Five Indian tribes in Ohio make peace with the United States and declare war on Britain.

1881

The first volume of The War of the Rebellion: A compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, is published.

1894

The first automobile race takes place between Paris and Rouen, France.

1934

American gangster John Dillinger is shot dead by FBI officers outside a Chicago cinema.

1938

The Third Reich issues special identity cards for Jewish Germans.

1943

Palermo, Sicily surrenders to General George S. Patton's Seventh Army.

1966

B-52 bombers hit the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Vietnam for the first time.