Facts, information and articles about Thomas Jefferson, the Third U.S. President
Thomas Jefferson Facts
Years Of Service
Third President Of the United States
Thomas Jefferson Articles
Explore articles from the History Net archives about Thomas Jefferson
» See all Thomas Jefferson Articles
Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800 Thomas Jefferson summary:
Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States of America. Jefferson was born in Shadwell, Virginia in 1743. He was educated at the College of William and Mary, and he later practiced law while also serving as a magistrate and then a county magistrate. In addition to this, he was also a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1776, while a member in the Continental Congress, Jefferson was chosen to write the Declaration of Independence. He later returned to his home in Virginia, Monticello, followed by a term as governor between 1779 and 1781. In 1784, he returned to politics, serving as a trade commissioner in France. President George Washington named Jefferson as his secretary of state in 1790. Jefferson made an unsuccessful bid for president in 1796 as the Democratic party’s candidate; he became vice president after losing the election to John Adams.
He beat John Adams in the election of 1800, becoming the third president of the United States of America. During his first term, he was responsible for setting up the purchase of the Louisiana Territory, considerably adding to the size of the country. During his second term, his attempts at remaining neutral in the disagreement between Great Britain and France failed. After his second term, Jefferson returned to Monticello, and at 76 years old, he founded the University of Virginia. Thomas Jefferson died in 1826 on the date of the fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
Articles Featuring Thomas Jefferson From History Net Magazines
Has the U.S. Federal Government always been expanding?Jon, Has there ever been a time in the history of the United States when the size, scope and reach of the Federal Government was not on the increase? Sincerely, Mike Caplanis (a fan) ? ? ? Dear Mike, Since American history is as much the story of domestic and later foreign expansion as well …
To Catch a Traitor: John Champe Pursues Benedict ArnoldTo trap Benedict Arnold, Major John Champe pretended to be a turncoat himself
Touring the Erie CanalThe Erie Canal Historical Corridor offers visitors a wealth of historic sites, beautiful scenery, unique shops and excellent restaurants.
Daily Quiz for December 13, 2012This president kept his late wife’s memory alive by hanging her portrait in the private quarters and ordering the staff to place fresh flowers in front of it daily.
‘First Freedom: The Fight for Religious Liberty’ – A Preview'American Experience: First Freedom - The Fight for Religious Liberty,' premiering Dec. 18 on PBS, is an informative, even-handed examination of why America's founders made religious liberty a basic human right.
Civil War MemoryHarold Holzer explores revisionism and Civil War memory
Picture of the Day: January 11Alexander Hamilton American patriot and statesman Alexander Hamilton, the illegitimate son of a Scottish merchant, was born on St. Croix probably on January 11, 1755. After showing remarkable promise in finance, the young Hamilton was sent by a benefactor to King’s College in New York. In 1776, Hamilton joined the Continental Army, where he soon …
Picture of the Day: November 9Benjamin Banneker was born in Maryland on November 9, 1731, and grew up a free black man. From his farm near Baltimore, Banneker spent much of his time studying the stars. Although he lacked much of a formal education, he taught himself with borrowed books and became a noted mathematician, astronomer and inventor. Carving its …
Picture of the Day: July 4Declaration of Independence More than a year after the first fighting of the American Revolution broke out in Lexington and Concord, the Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, 1776, officially breaking America’s legal ties with England. Authored largely by Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, the Declaration of Independence remains one of the most stirring …
American History: April 1997 From the EditorThoughts on History As we were preparing this issue of American History, which includes on page 16 an article by Mark Dunkelman about Amos Humiston, a Union soldier who died during the Battle of Gettysburg, leaving a wife and three small children behind, we received a letter from a reader named Anna Pansini, which struck …
Travelers to Wartime Richmond – Sept. ’96 America’s Civil War FeatureTravelers to wartime Richmond had a wide choiceof luxurious hotels, inns and taverns. By John K. Trammell The outbreak of the Civil War ushered in an era of radical change in Virginia. Starting with fanatical John Brown’s failed revolution at Harpers Ferry, and ending with a devastating defeat and painful reconstruction six years later, citizens …
Kill Cavalry’s Nasty Surprise – Nov. ’96 America’s Civil War FeatureKill Cavalry’s NASTY SURPRISE Union General William Sherman considered Judson Kilpatrick, his cavalry chief, ‘a hell of a damn fool.’ At Monroe’s Cross Roads, N.C., his carelessness and disobedience of orders proved Sherman’s point. By William Preston Mangum II Major General William Tecumseh Sherman had made a swift and steady advance through Georgia and South …
1796: The First Real Election – Cover Page: December ’96 American History Feature1796: The First Real Election BY JOHN FERLING WHEN GEORGE WASHINGTON ANNOUNCED THAT HE WOULD RETIRE FROM OFFICE, HE SET THE STAGEFOR THE NATION’S FIRST TWO-PARTY PRESIDENTIALCAMPAIGN. On the day in April 1789 that he took the oath of office at Federal Hall in New York City as the first president of the United States, …