Mary, Queen of Scots, is imprisoned and forced to abdicate her throne to her 1-year-old son James VI.
Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac establishes Fort Pontchartrain for France at present-day Detroit, Michigan.
At Fort Ontario, Canada, Ottawa chief Pontiac and William Johnson sign a peace agreement.
The first members of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) arrive in Utah, settling in present-day Salt Lake City.
African-American soldiers of the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps arrive in St. Louis, Mo., after completing a 40-day bike ride from Missoula, Montana.