Sir George Calvert arrives in Newfoundland to develop his land grant.
King Charles of England hands over the American colony of Massachusetts to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, one of the founders of the Council of New England.
Wealthy, non-church members in Massachusetts are given the right to vote.
The French garrison at Mainz, Germany, falls to the Prussians.
Irish patriots throughout the country rebel against Union with Great Britain.
William A. Burt patents his "typographer," an early typewriter.
German rebels in Baden capitulate to the Prussians.
William Booth founds the Salvation Army.
The 14th Amendment is ratified, granting citizenship to African Americans.
Japanese troops take over the Korean imperial palace.
Soviet troops take Lublin, Poland as the German army retreats.
The Geneva Conference on Laos forbids the United States to invade eastern Laos.
Two astronomers, Alan Hale in New Mexico and Thomas Bopp in Arizona, almost simultaneously discover a comet.