The Declaration of Independence is first printed by John Dunlop in Philadelphia.
U.S. troops under Jacob Brown defeat a superior British force at Chippewa, Canada.
The German government begins curtailing freedom of the press after German Democrats advocate a revolt against Austrian rule.
Federal troops occupy Vicksburg, Mississippi and distribute supplies to the citizens.
The Battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in history, begins.
The Japanese garrison on Numfoor, New Guinea, tries to counterattack but is soon beaten back by U.S. forces.