Today in History: July 6

Today in History: July 6

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1415

Jan Hus, a Czech who spoke out against Church corruption, is burned at the stake as a heretic.

1519

Charles of Spain is elected Holy Roman emperor in Barcelona.

1535

Sir Thomas More is beheaded in England for refusing to swear allegiance to King Henry VIII as head of the Church.

1536

Jacques Cartier returns to France after discovering the St. Lawrence River in Canada.

1685

James II defeats James, the Duke of Monmouth, at the Battle of Sedgemoor, the last major battle to be fought on English soil.

1770

The entire Ottoman fleet is destroyed by the Russians at the Battle of Chesma.

1788

10,000 troops are called out in Paris as unrest mounts in the poorer districts over poverty and lack of food.

1835

John Marshall, the third chief justice of the Supreme Court, dies at the age of 79. Two days later, while tolling in his honor in Philadelphia, the Liberty Bell cracks.

1836

French General Thomas Bugeaud defeats Abd al-Kader's forces beside the Sikkak River in Algeria.

1854

The Republican Party is officially organized in Jackson, Michigan.

1885

Louis Pasteur gives the first successful anti-rabies inoculation.

1944

Lieutenant Jackie Robinson of the U.S. Army, while riding a civilian bus from Camp Hoo, Texas, refuses to give up his seat to a white man.

1945

B-29 Superfortress bombers attack Honshu, Japan, using new fire-bombing techniques.

1945

Operation Overcast begins in Europe--moving Austrian and German scientists and their equipment to the United States.

1982

President Ronald Reagan agrees to contribute U.S. troops to the peacekeeping unit in Beirut.