Sir Thomas More is beheaded in England for refusing to swear allegiance to King Henry VIII as head of the Church.
Jacques Cartier returns to France after discovering the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
James II defeats James, the Duke of Monmouth, at the Battle of Sedgemoor, the last major battle to be fought on English soil.
10,000 troops are called out in Paris as unrest mounts in the poorer districts over poverty and lack of food.
John Marshall, the third chief justice of the Supreme Court, dies at the age of 79. Two days later, while tolling in his honor in Philadelphia, the Liberty Bell cracks.
French General Thomas Bugeaud defeats Abd al-Kader's forces beside the Sikkak River in Algeria.
Lieutenant Jackie Robinson of the U.S. Army, while riding a civilian bus from Camp Hoo, Texas, refuses to give up his seat to a white man.
B-29 Superfortress bombers attack Honshu, Japan, using new fire-bombing techniques.
Operation Overcast begins in Europe--moving Austrian and German scientists and their equipment to the United States.
President Ronald Reagan agrees to contribute U.S. troops to the peacekeeping unit in Beirut.