Facts about the American Civil War What year was the civil war fought? How long was the civil war? The civil war was fought between 1861 and 1865 and lasted 5 years When did the civil war begin? Where did the civil war begin? The civil war officially began on April 12, 1861 when Confederate forces bombarded the Union controlled Fort Sumter in Charleston Bay When did the civil war end? Where did the civil war end? How did the civil war end? The most often cited official date of the end of the civil war is April 9, 1865 when General Robert E Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia at the McLean House in the village of Appomattox Court House. There were battles and skirmishes after this date, but this is generally considered the official end of the civil war. How many people died in the civil war? Though the number of killed and wounded in the Civil War is not known precisely, most sources agree that the total number killed was between 640,000 and 700,000, broken down with over 360,000 Union soldiers and over 260,000 Confederate soldiers . Who fought in the civil war? The civil war was fought between the Union states (Northern states) of the United States and the states of the Confederacy (Southern States). Who won the civil war? The civil war was won by the Union (northern States) What caused the civil war? There were many causes of the civil war, including differences between northern and southern states on the idea of slavery, as well as trade, tariffs, and states rights. What started the civil war? Most people believe that the event that started the civil war was the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, leading to many southern states to secede from the union.