Today in History: July 1

Today in History: July 1

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June 30 July 2

0069

Vespasian, a Roman army leader, is hailed as a Roman emperor by the Egyptian legions.

1543

England and Scotland sign the Peace of Greenwich.

1596

An English fleet under the Earl of Essex, Lord Howard of Effingham and Francis Vere capture and sack Cadiz, Spain.

1690

Led by Marshall Luxembourg, the French defeat the forces of the Grand Alliance at Fleurus in the Netherlands.

1777

British troops depart from their base at the Bouquet River to head toward Ticonderoga, New York.

1838

Charles Darwin presents a paper on his theory of evolution to the Linnean Society in London.

1862

Union artillery stops a Confederate attack at Malvern Hill, Virginia.

1863

In the first day's fighting at Gettysburg, Federal forces retreat through the town and dig in at Cemetery Ridge and Cemetery Hill.

1867

Canada, by the terms of the British North America Act, becomes an independent dominion.

1876

Montenegro declares war on the Turks.

1916

The Battle of the Somme begins. Approximately 30,000 men are killed on the first day, two-thirds of them British.

1942

Axis troops capture Sevastopol, Crimea, in the Soviet Union.

1945

The New York State Commission Against Discrimination is established--the first such agency in the United States.

1950

American ground troops arrive in South Korea to halt the advancing North Korean army.

1961

British troops land in Kuwait to aid against Iraqi threats.

1963

The U.S. postmaster introduces the ZIP code.

1966

The U.S. Marines launch Operation Holt in an attempt to finish off a Vietcong battalion in Thua Thien Province in Vietnam.