The amended Declaration of Independence, prepared by Thomas Jefferson, is approved and signed by John Hancock--President of the Continental Congress--and Charles Thomson, Congress secretary. The state of New York abstains from signing.
Construction begins on the Erie Canal, to connect Lake Erie and the Hudson River.
Walt Whitman publishes the first edition of Leaves of Grass at his own expense.
Charles Dodgson first tells the story of Alice's adventures down the rabbit hole during a picnic along the Thames.
Billy the Kid is shot dead in New Mexico.
Race riots break out all over the United States after African American Jack Johnson knocks out Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match.
Novelist James Joyce and Nora Barnacle are married in London after being together for 26 years.