Today in History: July 2

Today in History: July 2

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1298

An army under Albert of Austria defeats forces led by Adolf of Nassau.

1625

The Spanish army takes Breda, Spain, after nearly a year of siege.

1644

Oliver Cromwell crushes the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor.

1747

Marshall Saxe leads the French forces to victory over an Anglo-Dutch force under the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Lauffeld.

1776

The Continental Congress resolves with the Declaration of Independence that the American colonies "are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States."

1822

Denmark Vesey is executed in Charleston, South Carolina, for planning a massive slave revolt.

1858

Czar Alexander II frees the serfs working on imperial lands.

1863

The Union left flank holds at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg.

1881

Charles J. Guiteau fatally wounds President James A. Garfield in Washington, D.C.

1926

Congress establishes the Army Air Corps.

1937

American aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart disappears in the Central Pacific during an attempt to fly around the world.

1961

Novelist Ernest Hemingway commits suicide at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.

1964

President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act into law.

1967

The U.S. launches Operation Buffalo in Vietnam.

1976

North and South Vietnam are officially reunified.

1980

President Jimmy Carter reinstates draft registration for males 18 years of age.