Today in History: March 31

Today in History: March 31

Pick a day:

March 30 April 1

1282

The great massacre of the French in Sicily The Sicilian Vespers comes to an end.

1547

In France, Francis--king since 1515--dies and is succeeded by his son Henry II.

1776

Abigail Adams writes to husband John that women are "determined to foment a rebellion" if the new Declaration of Independence fails to guarantee their rights.

1779

Russia and Turkey sign a treaty by which they promise to take no military action in the Crimea.

1790

In Paris, France, Maximilien Robespierre is elected president of the Jacobin Club.

1836

The first monthly installment of The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens is published in London.

1862

Skirmishing between Rebels and Union forces takes place at Island 10 on the Mississippi River.

1880

The first electric street lights ever installed by a municipality are turned on in Wabash, Indiana.

1889

The Eiffel Tower in Paris officially opens on the Left Bank as part of the Exhibition of 1889.

1916

General John Pershing and his army rout Pancho Villa's army in Mexico.

1917

The United States purchases the Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million.

1918

Daylight Savings Time goes into effect throughout the United States for the first time.

1921

Great Britain declares a state of emergency because of the thousands of coal miners on strike.

1933

To relieve rampant unemployment, Congress authorizes the Civilian Conservation Corps .

1940

La Guardia airport in New York officially opens to the public.

1941

Germany begins a counter offensive in North Africa.

1945

The United States and Britain bar a Soviet supported provisional regime in Warsaw from entering the U.N. meeting in San Francisco.

1948

The Soviet Union begins controlling the Western trains headed toward Berlin.

1949

Winston Churchill declares that the A-bomb was the only thing that kept the Soviet Union from taking over Europe.

1954

The siege of Dien Bien Phu, the last French outpost in Vietnam, begins after the Viet Minh realize it cannot be taken by direct assault.

1960

The South African government declares a state of emergency after demonstrations lead to the deaths of more than 50 Africans.

1966

An estimated 200,000 anti-war demonstrators march in New York City.

1967

President Lyndon Johnson signs the Consular Treaty, the first bi-lateral pact with the Soviet Union since the Bolshevik Revolution.

1970

U.S. forces in Vietnam down a MIG-21, the first since September 1968.

1980

President Jimmy Carter deregulates the banking industry.

1991

Albania offers a multi-party election for the first time in 50 years.