Today in History: August 11

Today in History: August 11

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0991

Danes under Olaf Tryggvason kill Ealdorman Byrhtnoth and defeat the Saxons at Maldon.

1492

Rodrigo Borgia is elected to the papacy as Pope Alexander VI.

1792

A revolutionary commune is formed in Paris, France.

1856

A band of rampaging settlers in California kill four Yokut Indians. The settlers had heard unproven rumors of Yokut atrocities.

1862

President Abraham Lincoln appoints Union General Henry Halleck to the position of general in chief of the Union Army.

1904

German General Lothar von Trotha defeats the Hereros tribe near Waterberg, South Africa.

1906

In France, Eugene Lauste receives the first patent for a talking film.

1908

Britain's King Edward VII meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II to protest the growth of the German navy.

1912

Moroccan Sultan Mulai Hafid abdicates his throne in the face of internal dissent.

1916

The Russia army takes Stanislau, Poland, from the Germans.

1929

Babe Ruth hits his 500th major league home run against the Cleveland Indians.

1941

Soviet bombers raid Berlin but cause little damage.

1942

The German submarine U-73 attacks a Malta-bound British convoy and sinks HMS Eagle, one of the world's first aircraft carriers.

1944

German troops abandon Florence, Italy, as Allied troops close in on the historic city.

1965

A small clash between the California Highway Patrol and two black youths sets off six days of rioting in the Watts area of Los Angeles.

1972

The last U.S. ground forces withdraw from Vietnam.

1975

US vetoes admission of North and South Vietnam to UN.

1978

Funeral of Pope Paul VI.

1984

Carl Lewis wins four Olympic gold medals, tying the record Jesse Owens set in 1936.

1988

Al Qaeda formed at a meeting in Peshawar, Pakistan.

1989

Voyager 2 discovers two partial rings around Neptune.

1990

Troops from Egypt and Morocco arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the international operation to prevent Iraq from invading.

1999

A tornado in downtown Salt Lake City, Utah, kills one person.

2003

NATO assumes command of the international peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, its first major operation outside Europe.

2003

Temperatures rise to 112 degrees Fahrenheit (44 degrees Celsius); over 140 people die in the heat wave.