Today in History: March 2

Today in History: March 2

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March 1 March 3

1776

Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston.

1781

Maryland ratifies the Articles of Confederation. She is the last state to sign.

1797

The Directory of Great Britain authorizes vessels of war to board and seize neutral vessels, particularly if the ships are American.

1815

To put an end to robberies by the Barbary pirates, the United States declares war on Algiers.

1836

Texas declares independence from Mexico on Sam Houston's 43rd birthday.

1853

The Territory of Washington is organized.

1865

President Abraham Lincoln rejects Confederate General Robert E. Lee's plea for peace talks, demanding unconditional surrender.

1867

The first Reconstruction Act is passed by Congress.

1877

Rutherford B. Hayes is declared president by one vote the day before the inauguration.

1889

Congress passes the Indian Appropriations Bill, proclaiming unassigned lands in the public domain; the first step toward the famous Oklahoma Land Rush.

1896

Bone Mizell, the famed cowboy of Florida, is sentenced to two years of hard labor in the state pen for cattle rustling. He would only serve a small portion of the sentence.

1901

Congress passes the Platt amendment, which limits Cuban autonomy as a condition for withdrawal of U.S. troops.

1908

An international conference on arms reduction opens in London.

1908

Gabriel Lippman introduces the new three-dimensional color photography at the Academy of Sciences.

1917

Congress passes the Jones Act making Puerto Rico a territory of the United States and makes the inhabitants U.S. citizens.

1923

In Italy, Mussolini admits that women have a right to vote, but declares that the time is not right.

1930

Novelist D.H. Lawrence dies of tuberculosis in a sanitarium in Vence, France, at the age of 45.

1943

The center of Berlin is bombed by the RAF. Some 900 tons of bombs are dropped in a half hour.

1945

MacArthur raises the U.S. flag on Corregidor in the Philippines.

1946

Ho Chi Minh is elected president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

1951

The U.S. Navy launches the K-1, the first modern submarine designed to hunt enemy submarines.

1955

Claudette Colvin refuses to give up her seat in Montgomery, Alabama, nine months before Rosa Parks' famous arrest for the same offense.

1956

France grants independence to Morocco.

1965

More than 150 U.S. and South Vietnamese planes bomb two bases in North Vietnam in the first of the "Rolling Thunder" raids.

1968

The siege of Khe Sanh ends in Vietnam, the U.S. Marines stationed there are still in control of the mountain top.

1973

Federal forces surround Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which is occupied by members of the militant American Indian Movement who are holding at least 10 hostages.

1974

A grand jury in Washington, D.C. concludes that President Nixon was indeed involved in the Watergate cover-up.

1978

Czech pilot Vladimir Remek becomes the first non-Russian, non-American in space.

1981

The United States plans to send 20 more advisors and $25 million in military aid to El Salvador.