Today in History: March 5

Today in History: March 5

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1624

Class-based legislation is passed in the colony of Virginia, exempting the upper class from punishment by whipping.

1766

Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.

1793

Austrian troops crush the French and recapture Liege.

1821

James Monroe becomes the first president to be inaugurated on March 5, only because the 4th was a Sunday.

1905

Russians begin to retreat from Mukden in Manchuria, China.

1912

The Italians become the first to use dirigibles for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance flights behind Turkish lines west of Tripoli.

1918

The Soviets move the capital of Russia from Petrograd to Moscow.

1928

Hitler's National Socialists win the majority vote in Bavaria.

1933

Hitler and Nationalist allies win the Reichstag majority. It will be the last free election in Germany until after World War II.

1933

Newly inaugurated President Franklin D. Roosevelt halts the trading of gold and declares a bank holiday.

1943

In desperation due to war losses, fifteen and sixteen year olds are called up for military service in the German army.

1946

In Fulton, Missouri, Winston Churchill tells a crowd that "an iron curtain has descended on the Continent [of Europe]."

1956

The U.S. Supreme Court affirms the ban on segregation in public schools in Brown vs. Board of Education.

1969

Gustav Heinemann is elected West German President.

1976

Britain gives up on the Ulster talks and decides to retain rule in Northern Ireland indefinitely.

1984

The U.S. Supreme Court rules that cities have the right to display the Nativity scene as part of their Christmas display.