Mary "Molly Pitcher" Hays McCauley, wife of an American artilleryman, carries water to the soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth.
The Freedmen's Bank, created to assist former slaves in the United States, closes. Customers of the bank lose $3 million.
Congress passes the Spooner bill, authorizing a canal to be built across the Isthmus of Panama.
Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles under protest.
German troops launch an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus and the city of Stalingrad.
General Douglas MacArthur announces the end of Japanese resistance in the Philippines.
General Douglas MacArthur arrives in South Korea as Seoul falls to the North.
Malcolm X founds the Organization for Afro-American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.
Muhammad Ali [Cassius Clay] stands before the Supreme Court regarding his refusal of induction into the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War.
Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.