Today in History: December 2

Today in History: December 2

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December 1 December 3

1804

Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of France in Notre Dame Cathedral.

1805

Napoleon Bonaparte celebrates the first anniversary of his coronation with a victory at Austerlitz over a Russian and Austrian army.

1823

President James Monroe proclaims the principles known as the Monroe Doctrine, "that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintained, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by European powers."

1863

General Braxton Bragg turns over command of the Army of Tennessee to General William Hardee at Dalton, Ga.

1864

Major General Grenville M. Dodge is named to replace General William Rosecrans as Commander of the Department of Missouri.

1867

People wait in mile-long lines to hear Charles Dickens give his first reading in New York City.

1907

Spain and France agree to enforce Moroccan measures adopted in 1906.

1909

J.P. Morgan acquires majority holdings in Equitable Life Co. This is the largest concentration of bank power to date.

1914

Austrian troops occupy Belgrade, Serbia.

1918

Armenia proclaims independence from Turkey.

1921

The first successful helium dirigible, C-7, makes a test flight in Portsmouth, Va.

1927

The new Ford Model A is introduced to the American public.

1932

Bolivia accepts Paraguay's terms for a truce in the Chaco War.

1942

The Allies repel a strong Axis attack in Tunisia, North Africa.

1944

General George S. Patton's troops enter the Saar Valley and break through the Siegfried line.

1946

The United States and Great Britain merge their German occupation zones.

1964

Brazil sends Juan Peron back to Spain, foiling his efforts to return to his native land.

1970

The U.S. Senate votes to give 48,000 acres of New Mexico back to the Taos Indians.

1980

A death squad in El Salvador murders four US nuns and churchwomen.

1982

Dentist Barney Clark receives the first permanent artificial heart, developed by Dr. Robert K. Jarvik.

1993

NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavor on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.

1999

UK devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive, the administrative branch of the North Ireland legislature.

2001

Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, one of the most complex bankruptcy cases in US history.