Lorenzo the Magnificent and his brother Giuliano succeed their father, Piero de Medici, as rulers of Florence, Italy.
France cedes to Spain all lands west of the Mississippi--the territory known as Upper Louisiana.
Confederate General James Longstreet moves his army east and north toward Greeneville. This withdrawal marks the end of the Fall Campaign in Tennessee.
Major General William Tecumseh Sherman meets with slight resistance from Confederate troops at Thomas Station on his march to the sea.
The U.S. Supreme Court orders Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) leaders extradited to Idaho for trial in the Steunenberg murder case.
French commander Joseph Joffre is dismissed after his failure at the Somme. General Robert Nivelle is the new French commander in chief.
The National Council of Churches asks the United States to halt the massive bombings in North Vietnam.
The State Department proposes the admission of 10,000 more Vietnamese refugees to the United States.
Eleven are dead and eight injured in a mad rush to see a rock band (The Who) at a concert in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Toxic gas leaks from a Union Carbide plant and results in the deaths of thousands in Bhopal, India.
Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev announce the official end to the Cold War at a meeting in Malta.
A test engineer for Sema Group sends the world's first text message, using a personal computer and the Vodafone network.
Representatives of 121 nations sign the Ottawa Treaty prohibiting the manufacture or deployment of antipersonnel landmines; the People's Republic of China, the US and the USSR do not sign.