Today in History: December 3

Today in History: December 3

Pick a day:

December 2 December 4

1468

Lorenzo the Magnificent and his brother Giuliano succeed their father, Piero de Medici, as rulers of Florence, Italy.

1762

France cedes to Spain all lands west of the Mississippi--the territory known as Upper Louisiana.

1800

The French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Hohenlinden, near Munich.

1818

Illinois admitted into the Union as the 21st state.

1847

Frederick Douglass and Martin R. Delaney establish the North Star, and anti-slavery paper.

1862

Confederate raiders attack a Federal forage train on the Hardin Pike near Nashville, Tenn.

1863

Confederate General James Longstreet moves his army east and north toward Greeneville. This withdrawal marks the end of the Fall Campaign in Tennessee.

1864

Major General William Tecumseh Sherman meets with slight resistance from Confederate troops at Thomas Station on his march to the sea.

1906

The U.S. Supreme Court orders Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) leaders extradited to Idaho for trial in the Steunenberg murder case.

1915

The United States expels German attaches on spy charges.

1916

French commander Joseph Joffre is dismissed after his failure at the Somme. General Robert Nivelle is the new French commander in chief.

1918

The Allied Conference ends in London where they decide that Germany must pay for the war.

1925

The League of Nations orders Greece to pay an indemnity for the October invasion of Bulgaria.

1926

British reports claim that German soldiers are being trained in the Soviet Union.

1950

The Chinese close in on Pyongyang, Korea, and UN forces withdraw southward.

1965

The National Council of Churches asks the United States to halt the massive bombings in North Vietnam.

1977

The State Department proposes the admission of 10,000 more Vietnamese refugees to the United States.

1979

Eleven are dead and eight injured in a mad rush to see a rock band (The Who) at a concert in Cincinnati, Ohio.

1984

Toxic gas leaks from a Union Carbide plant and results in the deaths of thousands in Bhopal, India.

1989

Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev announce the official end to the Cold War at a meeting in Malta.

1992

A test engineer for Sema Group sends the world's first text message, using a personal computer and the Vodafone network.

1997

Representatives of 121 nations sign the Ottawa Treaty prohibiting the manufacture or deployment of antipersonnel landmines; the People's Republic of China, the US and the USSR do not sign.

2005

First manned rocket aircraft delivery of US Mail takes place in Mojave, Cal.

2009

Suicide bombing in Mogadishu, Somalia, kills 25 people, including three ministries of the Transitional Federal Government.