Today in History: December 5

Today in History: December 5

Pick a day:

December 4 December 6

1484

Pope Innocent VIII issues a bill deploring the spread of witchcraft and heresy in Germany.

1776

Phi Beta Kappa is organized as the first American college Greek letter-fraternity, at William and Mary College, Williamsburg, Va.

1791

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart dies in Vienna.

1861

In the U.S. Congress, petitions and bills calling for the abolition of slavery are introduced.

1862

Union General Ulysses S. Grant's cavalry receives a setback in an engagement on the Mississippi Central Railroad at Coffeeville, Mississippi.

1864

Confederate General John Bell Hood sends Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry and a division of infantry toward Murfreesboro, Tenn.

1904

The Japanese destroy a Russian fleet at Port Arthur in Korea.

1909

George Taylor makes the first manned glider flight in Australia in a glider that he designed himself.

1912

Italy, Austria and Germany renew the Triple Alliance for six years.

1916

David Lloyd George replaces Herbert Asquith as the British prime minister.

1921

The British empire reaches an accord with the Irish revolutionary group the Sinn Fein; Ireland is to become a free state.

1933

The 21st Amendment ends Prohibition in the United States, which had begun 13 years earlier.

1934

Italian and Ethiopian troops clash at the Ualual on disputed the Somali-Ethiopian border.

1936

The New Constitution in the Soviet Union promises universal suffrage, but the Communist Party remains the only legal political party.

1937

The Lindberghs arrive in New York on a holiday visit after a two-year voluntary exile.

1945

Four TBM Avenger bombers disappear approximately 100 miles off the coast of Florida.

1950

Pyongyang in Korea falls to the invading Chinese army.

1953

Italy and Yugoslavia agree to pull troops out of the disputed Trieste border.

1955

A bus boycott begins under the leadership of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., in Montgomery, Alabama.

1966

Comedian and political activist Dick Gregory heads for Hanoi, North Vietnam, despite federal warnings against it.

1978

The Soviet Union signs a 20-year friendship pact with Afghanistan.

1983

Military Junta dissolves in Argentina.

2006

Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji.

2007

A gunman armed with a semi-automatic rifle kills 8 people at Westroads Mall, Omaha, Neb., before taking his own life.