The Sultan of Morocco launches a successful attack to capture Timbuktu.
The Ming Chongzhen emperor commits suicide by hanging himself.
At the Battle of Almansa, Franco-Spanish forces defeat the Anglo-Portugese forces.
Daniel Defoe's novel Robinson Crusoe is published in London.
The guillotine is first used to execute highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier.
Work begins on the Suez Canal in Egypt.
Tokyo is opened for foreign trade.
French commander Henri Riviere seizes the citadel of Hanoi in Indochina.
Australian and New Zealand troops land at Gallipoli in Turkey.
General Paul von Hindenburg takes office as president of Germany.
In Iran, Reza Khan is crowned Shah and chooses the name "Pahlavi."
Puccini's opera Turandot premiers at La Scala in Milan with Arturo Toscanini conducting.
A seeing eye dog is used for the first time.
U.S. and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on Elbe River.
After a three day fight against Chinese Communist Forces, the Gloucestershire Regiment is annihilated on "Gloucester Hill," in Korea.
The magazine Nature publishes an article by biologists Francis Crick and James Watson, describing the "double helix" of DNA.
Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel" goes to number one on the charts.
The St. Lawrence Seaway--linking the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes--opens to shipping.
The first submerged circumnavigation of the Earth is completed by a Triton submarine.
A U.S. Ranger spacecraft crash lands on the Moon.
The country of Bangladesh is established.
President Jimmy Carter tells the American people about the hostage rescue disaster in Iran.
Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a six year term as Nicaragua's president.