George Washington orders recruiting officers to accept free blacks into the army.
The richest year of the gold rush ends with $81.3 million in gold produced.
John B. Moisant and Arch Hoxsey, two of America's foremost aviators, die in separate plane crashes.
Helene Dutrieu wins the Femina aviation cup in Etampes. She sets a distance record for women at 158 miles.
General MacArthur reports that U.S. lines in Manila have been pushed back by the Japanese.
After five months of battle, Emperor Hirohito allows the Japanese commanders at Guadalcanal to retreat.