Today in History: December 1

Today in History: December 1

Pick a day:

November 30 December 2

1135

Henry I of England dies and the crown is passed to his nephew Stephen of Bloise.

1581

Edmund Champion and other Jesuit martyrs are hanged at Tyburn, England, for sedition, after being tortured.

1861

The U.S. gunboat Penguin seizes the Confederate blockade runner Albion carrying supplies worth almost $100,000.

1862

President Abraham Lincoln gives the State of the Union address to the 37th Congress.

1863

Belle Boyd, a Confederate spy, is released from prison in Washington.

1881

Virgil, Wyatt and Morgan Earp are exonerated in court for their action in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Ariz.

1900

Kaiser Wilhelm II refuses to meet with Boer leader Paul Kruger in Berlin.

1905

Twenty officers and 230 guards are arrested in St. Petersburg, Russia, for the revolt at the Winter Palace.

1908

The Italian Parliament debates the future of the Triple Alliance and asks for compensation for Austria's action in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

1909

President William Howard Taft severs official relations with Nicaragua's Zelaya government and declares support for the revolutionaries.

1916

King Constantine of Greece refuses to surrender to the Allies.

1918

An American army of occupation enters Germany.

1925

After a seven-year occupation, 7,000 British troops evacuate Cologne, Germany.

1933

Nazi storm troops become an official organ of the Reich.

1934

Josef Stalin's aide, Sergei Kirov, is assassinated in Leningrad.

1941

The first Civil Air Patrol is organized in the United States.

1941

Japan's Tojo rejects U.S. proposals for a Pacific settlement as fantastic and unrealistic.

1941

Great Britain declares a state of emergency in Malaya following reports of Japanese attacks.

1942

National gasoline rationing goes into effect in the United States.

1955

Rosa Parks refuses to sit in the back of a Montgomery, Alabama, bus, defying the South's segregationist laws.

1969

America's first draft lottery since 1942 is held.

1971

Indian Army recaptures part of Kashmir, which had been occupied by Pakistan.

1981

AIDS virus officially recognized.

1986

Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North pleads the 5th Amendment before a Senate panel investigating the Iran-Contra arms sale.

1988

Benazir Bhutto, politician, becomes the first woman to serve as Prime Minister of Pakistan and the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state

1989

East Germany's parliament changes its constitution, abolishing a section that gave the Communist Party the leading role in the state.

1990

Channel Tunnel sections from France and the UK meet beneath the English Channel.

1991

Ukraine's voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the USSR.

2001

Trans World Airlines' final flight following the carrier's purchase by American Airlines; TWA began operating 76 years earlier. The final flight, 220, piloted by Capt. Bill Compton, landed at St. Louis International Airport.