Today in History: April 22

Today in History: April 22

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April 21 April 23

0296

St. Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope.

0536

St. Agapitus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.

1500

Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil.

1509

Henry VIII ascends to the throne of England upon the death of his father, Henry VII.

1529

Spain and Portugal divide the eastern hemisphere in the Treaty of Saragossa.

1745

The Peace of Fussen is signed.

1792

President George Washington proclaims American neutrality in the war in Europe.

1861

Robert E. Lee is named commander of Virginia forces.

1889

The Oklahoma land rush officially starts at noon as thousands of Americans race for new, unclaimed land.

1898

In the first action of the Spanish-American War, the USS Nashville, takes on a Spanish ship.

1915

At the Second Battle of Ypres, the Germans use poison gas for the first time.

1918

British naval forces attempt to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeebrugge.

1931

Egypt signs treaty of friendship with Iraq.

1944

Allies launch major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea.

1954

The Senate Army-McCarthy hearings begin. They are broadcast on television.

1955

Congress orders all U.S. coins to bear the motto "In God We Trust."

1976

Barbara Walters becomes the first female nightly news anchor on network television.

1995

In Africa, Rwandan troops kill thousands of Hutu refugees in Kibeho.