Today in History: October 23

Today in History: October 23

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October 22 October 24

1641

Rebellion in Ireland. Catholics, under Phelim O'Neil, rise against the Protestants and massacred men, women and children to the number of 40,000 (some say 100,000).

1694

American colonial forces led by Sir William Phips, fail in their attempt to seize Quebec.

1707

The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.

1783

Virginia emancipates slaves who fought for independence during the Revolutionary War.

1861

President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C. for all military-related cases.

1918

President Wilson feels satisfied that the Germans are accepting his armistice terms and agrees to transmit their request for an armistice to the Allies. The Germans have agreed to suspend submarine warfare, cease inhumane practices such as the use of poison gas, and withdraw troops back into Germany.

1929

The first transcontinental air service begins from New York to Los Angeles.

1942

The Western Task Force, destined for North Africa, departs from Hampton Roads, Virginia.

1952

The Nobel Prize for Medicine is awarded to Ukranian-born microbiologist Selmart A. Waksman for his discovery of an effective treatment of tuberculosis.

1954

In Paris, an agreement is signed providing for West German sovereignty and permitting West Germany to rearm and enter NATO and the Western European Union.

1973

A U.N. sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur war between Israel and Syria.

1983

A truck filled with explosives, driven by a Moslem terrorist, crashes into the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon. The bomb kills 237 Marines and injures 80. Almost simultaneously, a similar incident occurs at French military headquarters, where 58 die and 15 are injured.

1989

The Hungarian Republic replaces the communist Hungarian People's Republic.

1998

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a "land for peace" agreement.

2002

Chechen terrorists take 700 theater-goers hostage at the House of Culture theater in Moscow.

2004

An earthquake in Japan kills 35, injures 2,200, and leaves 85,000 homeless or displaced.

2011

Libiyan National Transition Council declares the Libyan civil war is over.

2012

The world's oldest teletext service, BBC's Ceefax, ceases operation.

4004

According to 17th century divine James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh, and Dr. John Lightfoot of Cambridge, the world was created on this day, a Sunday, at 9 a.m.