Today in History: October 25

Today in History: October 25

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October 24 October 26

1415

An English army under Henry V defeats the French at Agincourt, France. The French had out numbered Henry's troops 60,000 to 12,000 but British longbows turned the tide of the battle.

1760

George III of England crowned.

1854

During the Crimean War, a brigade of British light infantry is destroyed by Russian artillery as they charge down a narrow corridor in full view of the Russians.

1916

German pilot Rudolf von Eschwege shoots down his first enemy plane, a Nieuport 12 of the Royal Naval Air Service over Bulgaria.

1923

The Teapot Dome scandal comes to public attention as Senator Thomas J. Walsh of Montana, subcommittee chairman, reveals the findings of the past 18 months of investigation. His case will result in the conviction of Harry F. Sinclair of Mammoth Oil, and later Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall, the first cabinet member in American history to go to jail. The scandal, named for the Teapot Dome oil reserves in Wyoming, involved Fall secretly leasing naval oil reserve lands to private companies.

1940

German troops capture Kharkov and launch a new drive toward Moscow.

1944

The Japanese are defeated in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the world's largest sea engagement. From this point on, the depleted Japanese Navy increasingly resorts to the suicidal attacks of Kamikaze fighters.

1950

Chinese Communist Forces launch their first-phase offensive across the Yalu River into North Korea.

1951

In a general election, England's Labour Party loses to Conservatives. Winston Churchill becomes prime minister, and Anthony Eden becomes foreign secretary.

1954

President Eisenhower conducts the first televised Cabinet meeting.

1958

The last U.S. troops leave Beirut.

1960

Martin Luther King, Jr., is sentenced to four months in jail for a sit-in.

1962

In South Africa, civil rights activist Nelson Mandela is sentenced to 5 years in prison.

1962

Adlai Stevenson shows photos to the UN Security Council that prove Soviet missiles have been installed in Cuba.

1971

United Nations expels the Republic of China and seats the People's Republic of China.

1983

1,800 U.S. troops and 300 Caribbean troops land on Grenada. U.S. forces soon turn up evidence of a strong Cuban and Soviet presence--large stores of arms and documents suggesting close links to Cuba.

1991

The last soldiers of the Yugoslav People's Army leaves the Republic of Slovenia.

2009

Terrorist bombings in Baghdad kill over 150 and wound over 700.