Spanish explorer Ferdinand Magellan, having discovered a strait at the tip of South America, enters the Pacific.
Natchez Indians massacre most of the 300 French settlers and soldiers at Fort Rosalie, Louisiana.
The Confederate Congress admits Missouri to the Confederacy, although Missouri has not yet seceded from the Union.
Mt. Etna in Sicily violently erupts.
The Modoc War of 1872-73 begins in northern California when fighting breaks out between Modoc Chief Captain Jack and a cavalry detail led by Captain James Jackson.
The British are victorious over the Boers at Modder River.
Lady Astor is elected the first woman in Parliament.
The forerunner of the Grand Ole Opry, called the WSM Barn Dance, opens in Nashville, Tennessee.
The German Reich declares all men ages 18 to 45 as army reservists.
Spanish leader Francisco Franco blockades the Spanish coast.
The Soviet Union scraps its nonaggression pact with Finland.
The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise departs from Pearl Harbor to deliver F4F Wildcat fighters to Wake Island. This mission saves the carrier from destruction when the Japanese attack.
Sir Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt meet at Tehran, Iran, to hammer out war aims.
The first shipment of supplies reach Antwerp by convoy, a new route for the Allies.
Dr. Edwin Land's first Polaroid cameras go on sale in Boston.
In Korea, 200,000 Communist troops launch attack on UN forces.
Ernie Davis becomes the first African American to win the Heisman Trophy.
Cape Canaveral is renamed Cape Kennedy.
The Anglican Church ordains the first two women as priests.
East Timor declares independence from Portugal.
Operation Morvarid (Iran-Iraq War); Iranian Navy destroys over 70% of Iraqi Navy.
Republican Robert Dole is elected Senate majority leader.
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announces it will give up its monopoly on political power.
South Ossetia declares independence from Georgia.
Suicide bombers blow up an Israeli-owned hotel in Mombasa, Kenya.