Today in History: January 18

Today in History: January 18

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January 17 January 19

1486

Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York.

1701

Frederick III, the elector of Brandenburg, becomes king of Prussia.

1778

Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands, naming them the 'Sandwich Islands' after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich.

1836

Jim Bowie arrives at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders.

1862

John Tyler, former president of the U.S., is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.

1902

The Isthmus Canal Commission in Washington shifts its support from Nicaragua to Panama as a favored canal site.

1910

Aviator Eugene Ely performs his first successful take off and landing from a ship in San Francisco.

1916

The Russians force the Turkish 3rd Army back to Erzurum.

1942

General MacArthur repels the Japanese in Bataan. The United States takes the lead in the Far East war criminal trials.

1945

The German Army launches its second attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest from the advancing Red Army.

1948

Gandhi breaks a 121-hour fast after halting Muslim-Hindu riots.

1962

The United States begins spraying foliage with herbicides in South Vietnam, in order to reveal the whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.

1964

Plans are disclosed for the World Trade Center in New York.

1978

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) isolate the cause of Legionnaire's disease.

1991

Iraq starts firing Scud missiles at Israeli cities.