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African American 92nd Infantry Division Fought in Italy During World War II

By Robert Hodges, Jr. 
Originally published by World War II magazine. Published Online: June 12, 2006 
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African Americans have fought in every major conflict in which the United States has been involved, from the Revolutionary War on. They frequently served with distinction–the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry during the American Civil War, the 9th and 10th U.S. Colored Cavalry regiments during the Indian wars and the Spanish-American War, and the 369th Infantry Regiment during World War I all established outstanding fighting records.

Yet with each new war in which the United States became embroiled, the white American establishment tended to forget the contribution made by black servicemen in previous conflicts. Each time, black soldiers were committed to combat in racially segregated units and had to prove themselves all over again. Of the 909,000 black Americans selected for duty in the Army during World War II, only one black division saw infantry combat in Europe–the 92nd Infantry Division. The vast majority of African Americans in uniform were assigned to segregated construction or supply units or placed in units that performed unpleasant duties such as graves registration. The government's view was that blacks were not motivated enough or aggressive enough to fight.

While the 92nd was referred to as a black unit, and its enlisted men and most of its junior officers were black, its higher officers were white. The 92nd, which had fought in France during World War I, was once again activated in 1942. Under the command of Maj. Gen. Edward M. Almond, the 92nd began combat training in October 1942 and went into action in Italy in the summer of 1944. The unit continued a long and proud tradition by retaining the buffalo as its divisional symbol. Its circular shoulder patch, which featured a black buffalo on an olive drab background, was called The Buffalo–as was the division's official publication. The 92nd even kept a live buffalo as a mascot.

The nickname 'Buffalo Soldier' dates back to the late 1860s, when black soldiers volunteered for duty in the American West. The American Indians, who regarded the new threat as 'black white men,' coined the term 'Buffalo Soldier' out of respect for a worthy enemy. According to one story, the Indians thought that the black soldiers, with their dark skin and curly hair, resembled buffaloes. Another story attributes the name to the buffalo hides that many black soldiers wore during the harsh winters out West, as a supplement to their inadequate government uniforms.

In the spring of 1944, after years of pressure from the black community, the government grudgingly rescinded its policy excluding African-American soldiers from combat. On July 30, 1944, the first wave of Buffalo Soldiers–the 370th Regimental Combat Team–disembarked at Naples, Italy, where they were greeted by a jubilant crowd of black American soldiers from other service units. The rest of the division would arrive a few months later.

American troops were facing an uphill battle in Italy, and at that point the Allies were desperately short of infantry troops. After months of hard fighting, the Allies had managed to push German forces under Field Marshal Albert Kesselring almost 500 bloody miles up the Italian peninsula. But even after the fall of Rome on June 4, 1944, the Germans had simply retreated in an orderly fashion from one line of defense to another rather than acknowledge defeat.

On D-Day, two days after the victory at Rome, Allied soldiers swarmed across the beaches of Normandy. For the duration of the war, the American Fifth Army and the British Eighth Army, under the overall command of British General Sir Harold Alexander, would play second fiddle to the Allied push in France. During the summer of 1944, nearly 100,000 men of the Fifth Army, out of a total strength of 249,000, were transferred to the fighting in France. As the Allies stood at the south bank of the Arno River in July, preparing to assault Kesselring's most formidable barrier yet–the infamous Gothic Line–the Americans clearly had too many tanks and not enough infantrymen. Kesselring had built the line on the slopes of the Apennine Mountains, the 50-mile-deep range that, in northern Italy, runs diagonally from coast to coast and affords natural protection for northern industrial and agricultural centers.

In addition to the 370th, at that point the 92nd consisted of two other infantry regiments, the 365th and the 371st; four field artillery battalions, the 597th, 598th, 599th and 600th; plus headquarters battery, the 92nd Reconnaissance Troop, the 317th Engineer Combat Battalion and 317th Medical Battalion, as well as a medical battalion, signal company, quartermaster company, maintenance personnel and military police. The Buffalo Soldiers were assigned to the IV Corps of the U.S. Fifth Army in two primary areas of operation, the Serchio Valley and the coastal sector along the Ligurian Sea. They occupied the westernmost end of the Allied front, while the Eighth Army attacked across the eastern portion of the Italian peninsula. The 92nd would face not only mountainous terrain and tremendous resistance–including the German Fourteenth Army and its Italian Fascist soldiers, the 90th Panzergrenadier Division and the 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division–but also an array of man-made defensive works.

By fighting an impressive defensive campaign, Kesselring had gained time to build up his Gothic Line. Using 15,000 Italian laborers and 2,000 Slovaks, the Germans constructed bunkers, tank emplacements, tunnels and anti-tank ditches; reinforced existing Italian castles; and laid carefully designed minefields intended to herd enemy troops into interlocking fields of fire.

At this stage in the Italian campaign the Allies did have one advantage. Italy was in a state of civil war, and the Italian partisan forces were proving more than a nuisance to the German cause. Guerrillas had even managed to kill one Luftwaffe division commander. As a result, one German commander, General Fridolin von Senger, discarded his general's insignia and rode in an unmarked Volkswagen.

When the Buffalo Soldiers deployed along the front, they began to work together with the tankers of the U.S. 1st Armored Division. In addition to this division, the IV Corps consisted of the 6th South African Armored Division, the Brazilian Expeditionary Force and Task Force 45, composed of British and American anti-aircraft gunners who had been retrained and re-equipped for combat infantry duty.

After landing on the Italian mainland at Salerno on September 9, 1943, the Allies had unsuccessfully attempted to destroy Kesselring before January 1944. Now they once again hoped to make significant advances before the snows came in the winter of 1944. The Fifth and Eighth armies planned an all-out attack on the Gothic Line in August, with the Eighth Army positioned along the Adriatic Coast and the Fifth Army directing its efforts against the center of Italy, toward Bologna. The IV Corps would cross the Arno River, take Mount Albano and Mount Pisano on the plain, extend their front and draw the enemy's attention. Meanwhile, the Fifth Army's II Corps, to the right along with the British XIII Corps, would drive the main assault into the center of the Gothic Line. The thinly spread IV Corps also had the task of guarding the Allied west flank against a German counterattack and protecting the crucial Allied port of Leghorn, or Livorno, on the coast.

On September 1, the three battalions of the 370th Regiment, along with elements of the 1st Armored Division, crossed the Arno River and advanced north for two to three miles. By the early morning hours of September 2, the 370th Engineers and 1st Armored Engineers had cleared minefields, worked on fords and placed a treadway bridge across the Arno for the upcoming armored infantry assault. Task Force 45 was bogged down by heavy minefields, but the 370th pushed on. The 3rd Battalion of the 370th moved to the west of Mount Pisano, while the 1st Battalion advanced east of the mountain. Using mule trails, the 2nd Battalion advanced straight over the mountain.

The Germans retaliated with small-arms, machine-gun and artillery fire while their forward elements began to pull back behind the Gothic Line. The Buffalo Soldiers advanced north beyond Mount Pisano and attacked the city of Lucca. They eliminated remaining enemy resistance around the road connecting Pisa to Lucca and spent the next several days patrolling and waiting for the rest of the Fifth Army to move up.

The main attack started on September 10, and three days later the Buffalo Soldiers and 1st Armored tankers stood at the base of the northern Apennines. By September 18, the II Corps had breached the Gothic Line at Il Giogo Pass, and many of the 1st Armored tanks were shifted to that area. The IV Corps consolidated its units while holding its section of the line until late in the month, when patrols of Buffalo Soldiers entered the Serchio Valley.

The men of the 370th had also penetrated the Gothic Line in their sector and now controlled Highway 12, which served as a crucial east-west communications artery for the Germans. In early October, they were ordered to take the city of Massa, near the coast, which was the first step in capturing the naval base at La Spezia. Although the Germans had been in continuous retreat in Italy, they resisted fiercely at Massa. They were determined to protect the western edge of the Gothic Line, especially because La Spezia's naval base was nearby. Beset by cold autumn rains, the Buffalo Soldiers found themselves fighting a new enemy–mud–in addition to dug-in enemy troops. They did not take Massa at that point, and all across the Gothic Line, Kesselring's forces held on. Meanwhile, though the II Corps made some impressive headway, it failed to reach Bologna before the snows set in.

After a six-day battle for control of Massa, the Buffalo Soldiers pulled back and regrouped. As the rest of the 92nd Infantry Division began to land in Italy, the Buffalo Soldiers of the 370th kept up the offensive on a smaller scale with power patrols consisting of between 35 and 75 men and at times machine-gun and mortar crews. The Fifth Army spent most of November conducting defensive actions in preparation for a renewed offensive in December.

By late November, the last elements of the remaining two 92nd Division regiments, the 371st and 365th, had arrived. In addition to the 92nd's own regiments, a fourth regiment came under the division's control–the 366th Infantry Regiment, with black officers and men. The 366th had originally trained for combat but had been initially assigned to guard duty on Allied air bases throughout Italy. The men of the 366th had performed so well in their former assignment that their commanding general did not want to give them up.

As the 370th moved deeper into the Serchio Valley–later with elements of the 371st–resupply became a logistical nightmare. No vehicles could reach the Buffalo Soldiers as they fought their way to the high ground of the 35-mile-long valley. Despite a wealth of technology and industrial might at their command, the Americans found themselves dependent upon pack animals, the same mode of transport employed by Hannibal Barca when he had invaded Italy more than 2,100 years earlier.

One officer and 15 enlisted men formed the nucleus of the 92nd Division Mule Pack Battalion, which included an Italian veterinarian, two blacksmiths and 600 Italian volunteers who were given American uniforms and even wore the Buffalo insignia. The Americans scoured the countryside for mules and horses, which the U.S. government then purchased from locals. They eventually procured a total of 372 mules and 173 horses. Because the U.S. Army lacked the necessary equipment for pack animals, the blacksmiths had to hammer out their own horseshoes from German barbed-wire pickets. The animals brought up water, ammunition, anti-tank guns and other crucial materiel and transported the wounded to where they could receive treatment. As it turned out, however, the mules were apparently spooked by the smell of dead men and balked at carrying corpses.

The 92nd was expected to launch a major offensive on December 1 in support of the II Corps' renewed attack on Bologna. The attack was rescheduled for Christmas Day due to a predicted German counterattack. When intelligence reports indicated a large German build-up in the northern region of the Serchio Valley, the men of the 371st were transferred to the coastal sector, and elements of the 366th were sent to the valley to support the 370th. Although the Fifth Army never launched its early December assault, it was not a quiet month in the Serchio Valley. The Buffalo Soldiers continued to advance, town by town, against German artillery, mortar and small-arms fire. American engineers at first repaired bridges and roads for the advance, but soon shifted to defensive work, laying minefields, rigging bridges for demolition, and helping to evacuate civilians in anticipation of the German counterattack.

On Christmas Eve the Fifth Army called off its Christmas Day assault, but the Buffalo Soldiers, who were deployed on both sides of the Serchio River, continued to advance, facing German mortar and artillery rounds as they moved through more of northern Italy's mountain towns. The 366th's 2nd Battalion held the town of Barga on the American right flank, while the 370th held Gallicano, west of the Serchio River. On Christmas Eve, the 370th sent its 2nd Battalion east of the river into the little village of Sommocolonia, the northernmost edge of the American line. Light artillery and mortar rounds hit Sommocolonia but there seemed to be little enemy activity, so most of the 2nd Battalion moved out for duty elsewhere, leaving behind only two platoons. On the extreme right, just east of Sommocolonia, lay the villages of Bebbio and Scarpello, occupied by two platoons of the 92nd Division Reconnaissance Troop.

Before sunrise on the day after Christmas, the Germans attacked the villages just north and east of Gallicano. Although the primary German assault seemed to come from west of the river, toward Gallicano, partisans were also battling enemy soldiers north of Sommocolonia later in the morning. Within two hours, Sommocolonia and the two American platoons there were surrounded. A third platoon moved up to reinforce the embattled Sommocolonia troops. Lieutenant John Fox, an artillery forward observer for the 366th, exemplified the impressive fighting spirit of the black soldiers. When enemy troops surrounded the lieutenant's position inside a house and were about to overrun him, he ordered artillery fire directly on his own position, sacrificing his life. Fox's heroic action bought valuable time that helped save other troops, and he was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.

The two platoons of the 370th, along with a group of partisans, engaged in house-to-house fighting with the enemy during that battle. Many of the Germans were dressed as partisans, making the situation even more confusing and dangerous. Just before noon, the platoons were ordered to evacuate the village, but they were trapped. They managed to hold out until nightfall, but of the 70 Americans involved, only one officer and 17 men managed to fight their way out of the village that night as ordered.

Meanwhile, the two reconnaissance platoons at Bebbio and Scarpello were overrun by enemy troops and ordered to fall back. Despite heavy fighting, they managed to withdraw to their command post at Coreglia. German artillery fire began to cut deeper into American lines, and the 370th ordered its troops to quit Gallicano and secure the high ground nearby.

With the Allied port of Leghorn threatened, the Fifth Army called back the 1st Armored Division from II Corps control, and the 8th Indian Division, a British unit, moved to the area as reinforcements. On December 27, American fighter-bombers roared into the valley and hammered Sommocolonia, Gallicano and other front-line areas. By January 1, the Allies had more or less re-established their original positions.

With the Germans less of an imminent threat, the 8th Indian Division pulled out, leaving the valley to the Buffalo Soldiers. The Fifth Army postponed its major offensive until April, but General Almond decided that his division would launch its own attack in February. Almond devised his operation not as a breakthrough assault but as a division-strength 'feeler movement' intended to determine enemy strength and deployment, draw more enemy troops to the area and enhance the division's own positions. Troops in the Serchio Valley were to seize the Lama di Sotto Ridge, overlooking the German supply center at Castelnuovo di Garfagnana, and create a diversion while the main assault concentrated on the coastal sector. Almond hoped to reach the Strettoia hill mass on the coast, just north of the Cinquale Canal, and then take Massa. Once in Massa, American artillery would come within firing range of La Spezia.

Units were moved around again so that the 370th and 371st occupied the Coastal Sector while the 365th went to the Serchio Valley. The 366th was divided between both areas. On February 4, the 366th held Gallicano, and the next day it pushed its lines into the outlying villages. The 365th, to the east of the Serchio River, took the town of Lama, just north of Sommocolonia, and occupied Mount Della Stella at the foot of the Lama di Sotto Ridge. The 365th held out against numerous counterattacks until February 8, when a full battalion of Germans pushed the Americans off the hill and out of Lama. At nightfall on the 10th, after encountering grueling enemy artillery fire and grenadier counterattacks, the Buffalo Soldiers retook Lama.

The Buffalo Soldiers on the coast were hit just as hard as their comrades in the valley. The Germans had tanks, field artillery and thousands of ground troops to protect La Spezia, and they could call on a weapon unavailable to the Americans–heavy coastal guns. Emplaced at Punta Bianca, just southeast of La Spezia, the German coastal guns could not only lob shells into Massa but also reach all the way to Forte dei Marmi, which lay south of the Cinquale Canal. Fire from the powerful coastal guns left craters so large that Allied tanks literally fell into them.

The remainder of the 366th and its supporting armor–including another black unit, the 758th Tank Battalion–advanced along the coast. The 371st attacked on the far right through the coastal hill masses but ran into extensive minefields. The 370th advanced in column with its left flank on Highway 1 and its right flank in the hills. As they advanced, each battalion of the 370th leapfrogged the battalion directly to its front in order to keep up a continuous attack.

Riding on the tanks, the 366th rolled into the sea to avoid mines, then came back onto dry land north of the Cinquale Canal. The first two tanks to hit the beach were knocked out by mines and blocked the way. Before long, four more tanks were destroyed by mines, but the 370th reached the canal and started to cross, taking a pounding from local mortar and machine-gun positions as well as from the coastal guns. The artillery fire prevented engineers from laying a bridge, and foul weather meant no air support for the Buffalo Soldiers that day. Three tanks were lost when they fell into underwater craters while crossing the canal.

Despite numerous German counterattacks, the Buffalo Soldiers did manage to establish a line of defense north of the canal. Without a bridge, they had to hand-carry supplies across the water. Casualties were mounting, and the coastal guns kept pounding away. On the night of February 10, Almond called off the attack and ordered his troops back across the canal. The February operation cost 22 tanks and more than 1,100 casualties, including 56 officers.

The 92nd underwent drastic changes before its involvement in an offensive in the spring of 1945. The Allies considered it absolutely crucial that the 92nd seize La Spezia during the April attack, but the previous months of fighting had depleted the division's strength. Although the U.S. Army had hundreds of thousands of black troops, it could not find enough combat-trained replacements for the 92nd, so the 371st went to the Serchio Valley under IV Corps control while the 366th and 365th were sent elsewhere. The 92nd built up the strength of the 370th, the only black regiment left in the division, while it gained two new regiments. In addition to the 473rd, made up of white anti-aircraft gunners turned infantrymen, the division received a ferocious fighting unit composed of Nisei soldiers–the famed 442nd Regimental Combat Team. These descendants of Japanese immigrants served in one of the most highly decorated American regiments of the entire war.

The 370th formed the left flank, with the 442nd on the right and the 473rd in reserve in the nearby Serchio Valley. In order to avoid the relentless barrage from the coastal guns, the 92nd Division, now jokingly referred to as the 'Rainbow Division,' advanced toward Massa through the hills east of Highway 1. Even though fighter-bombers flew sorties over Punta Bianca and British destroyers shelled the German positions, the coastal guns continued firing.

In less than two hours on April 5, 1945, the 370th's lead element, Company C, reached its initial objective–Castle Aghinolfi. The company's artillery forward observer had to convince the artillery twice to give him fire support. Artillerymen could not believe that the riflemen had advanced so far. The Germans were surprised, too–in fact, many were still eating breakfast when the Buffalo Soldiers arrived.

Company C radioed for reinforcements, but the regiment had problems of its own, with two company commanders already killed. No help arrived. The Germans within the castle fired on the lone company with machine guns and mortars. Before long, the company had suffered 60 percent casualties. The forward observer and radioman were both hit and the radio was destroyed, cutting off all contact with the outside. The company had no choice but to pull back. Lieutenant Vernon J. Baker, the company's only black officer, volunteered to harass the enemy so that the wounded could escape. Armed with hand grenades, and on two occasions supported by Private James Thomas' automatic-rifle fire, Baker personally destroyed three machine-gun nests and an observation post. Baker, who had already received a Bronze Star and a Purple Heart, would receive the Distinguished Service Cross for his actions that day.

Meanwhile, the 442nd fought the enemy ridge by ridge and systematically blew up German bunkers with bazookas. By April 6, the Nisei had control of Mount Belvedere. The 370th, Company C included, made another assault against the same hills but needed more troops to succeed. The 473rd moved up, and the hard-hit 1st Battalion of the 370th, which had had three company commanders killed in the first two days, went to the Serchio Valley to protect the American flank against a German counterattack.

The 370th and 473rd, along with their supporting armored battalions, pushed through the hills and also advanced along Highway 1, although the German guns at Punta Bianca continued to pound away. On April 9, American tankers rolled into Massa but were driven back by staunch enemy resistance. In a supporting maneuver, the 442nd pushed forward through the mountains and flanked the city's eastern side. Finally, the Germans withdrew, and on April 10 the Americans controlled the city.

The 92nd Infantry Division continued to press forward, though the bitter fighting continued as the Germans moved their reserve men and panzers into position. With the German lines receding, a full battalion of tank destroyers finally came within range of the coastal guns and over a six-day period sent more than 11,000 rounds into Punta Bianca. By April 20 the big guns were silent and the Germans were retreating.

The Buffalo Soldiers fighting in the Serchio Valley had also been busy. The 370th had taken Castelnuovo on April 20 and pressed forward. They planned to meet up with the 442nd at Aulla, northeast of La Spezia, and cut off the German retreat.

The fighting had left so much destruction that the Americans could not even use their mules, and the division was accumulating more prisoners than it had time to deal with. Partisans had been fighting at La Spezia, and on April 24 the 473rd moved into the city. Three days later, the 473rd and its supporting armor crushed the German resistance at Genoa. The 370th and 442nd in their sector helped prevent two enemy divisions from escaping through the Cisa Pass before the May 2 cease-fire officially ended the hostilities in Italy.

Although Allied forces were ecstatic over their success in Italy, for the Buffalo Soldiers, it was a bittersweet victory. The military establishment considered the 92nd, which comprised less than 2 percent of all black Americans in the army, a failure. Regarded as an experiment from the outset, the division had been closely watched and roundly criticized.

Much of the blame for the setbacks in February 1945 and other similar occurrences was attributed to confusion between the junior officers and enlisted personnel. However, their officers were rotated so often that the men sometimes had no idea who their commanders were, and in many cases the most outstanding officers and NCOs were killed in action.

In defense of the black junior officers, Lt. Col. Markus H. Ray, commander of the division's 600th Field Artillery Battalion (which had all black officers and men) wrote on May 14, 1945: 'I believe that the young Negro officer represents the best we have to offer and under proper, sympathetic and capable leadership would have developed and performed equally with any other racial group….They were Americans before all else.'

The numbers alone tell an impressive story. Of 12,846 Buffalo Soldiers who saw action, 2,848 were killed, captured or wounded. The Buffalo Soldiers did, in fact, break through the Gothic Line. They reached their objective, captured or helped to capture nearly 24,000 prisoners and received more than 12,000 decorations and citations for their gallantry in combat. The soldiers of the 92nd Division had proved their worth through months of bitter combat in the Italian campaign.

 


This article was written by Robert Hodges, Jr. and originally appeared in the February 1999 issue of World War II. Further reading: A Fragment of Victory: In Italy During World War II, by Paul Goodman; and Buffalo Soldiers in Italy: Black Americans in World War II, by Hondon B. Hargrove. For more great articles subscribe to World War II magazine today!


227 Responses to “African American 92nd Infantry Division Fought in Italy During World War II”


  1. 1

    [...] the mules were apparently spooked by the smell of dead men and balked at carrying corpses." HistoryNet – From the World's Largest History Magazine Publisher ? African American 92nd Infan… __________________ For the first time I have seen "History" at close quarters,and I [...]

    • 1.1
      DUGGER JOHN says:

      I AM A VOLUNTEER AT THE NATIONAL INFANTRY MUSEUM IN COLUMBUS GEORGIA. WE DO NOT HAVE A DISPLAY OF THE 92ND INFANTRY DIVISION. HOWEVER WE DO HAVE THE PATCH

      • 1.1.1
        Theodore Ward says:

        I am a veteran service officer in Anson County, North Carolina. We are proud to have a member of the 92nd Infantry Division as one of our local veterans. He has been searching for his unit patch for years with no success. Please contact me and let me know if it is possible to get a unit patch for this veteran. Please send any other information that you may have in reference to his unit. Thanks in advance.

      • 1.1.2
        DUGGER JOHN says:

        We do not sell patches, However you may try medalsofamerica.com, I willcheck the local military stores here.

      • 1.1.3
        James D. Woodland says:

        How can I obtain a patch ?

      • 1.1.4
        DUGGER JOHN says:

        We now have a display of the 92nd Infantry fighting in Italy. It is small but it is factual. we need more people with concerns about the 92nd to contact the National Infantry Museum and let them know of our concerns, also donations would help. The Museum is not taxed funded, and does not charge an admission price.

      • 1.1.5
        Faith DeVeaux says:

        Hi, Mr. Ward,

        If you or anyone else is looking for a 92nd Infantry Division patch, I've just ordered one from http://norbay.com/product/92nd-infantry-patch

        Sincerely,
        Faith DeVeaux
        Producer, Double Victory: Two Warriors in the Fight for Civil Rights During WWII
        http://www.doublevictorydocumentary.com

    • 1.2
      Ollen Hunt says:

      My father is a World War ll Veteran. My father is one of the last of the Buffalo Soldiers. My father is 87 will be 88 this year. He is still driving and
      getting around really good. My father wrote a book about being a Buffalo Soldier." What I did for my country,what my country did for me Buffalo Soldier." He has alot of book signings and also gives speaches on his
      experience of being a Buffalo Soldier. I really feeled honor to have him for
      my father.

      • 1.2.1
        DUGGER JOHN says:

        I would like to purchase a copy of the Book. I have just finish reading Buffalo Soldier by Tom williard, and the fall of a black officer, also the Sable Doughboys.

      • 1.2.2
        James D. Woodland says:

        Mr. Hunt it is good to hear your father is still active !

        I do have a question: My brother served in the 366th, in Italy and died there.

        His name was Vernon Woodland. From Philly and was a boxer. Would father remember him?

        Let me know: jimmyjam1945@yahoo.com

        Thanks

      • 1.2.3
        James Pratt says:

        I would also like to purchase a copy of your father's book.

        James Pratt

      • 1.2.4
        Karen Turchetta says:

        I would like to Thank your father for his service and all the sacrifices he has made!!

      • 1.2.5
        Diane Dillard says:

        My father also served in WW2. If he was still living he would be 89. How can I purchase a copy of your fathers book, preferably autographed. It would be a great honor.

      • 1.2.6
        Gregory Brown says:

        Mr. Hunt,

        Please let me know how to purchase a signed copy of your father's book. My father was also a "Buffalo Solder" and I'm attempting to obtain what information I can:

        Melvin C. Brown/ T/Sgt
        27 Nov 42 – 1 Nov 45
        DDform 214 states
        Cannon Company, 371st Infantry

        He possibly would have been known as: "Bear Brown"

        Thank you….

      • 1.2.7
        Phillip Headen says:

        My father was also a member of the 92nd division, but has been dead for 30 years. I would love to obtain a copy of your fathers book and hear stories of his experiences. Where is he located?

      • 1.2.8
        Roland Conwell says:

        I would like to purchase a copy.

      • 1.2.9
        Erick F Williams Sr says:

        Mr. Hunt

        My father was a World War II Veteran Homer F Williams.Your

        father may know him? My father was from Florince Ga.. Were can I

        get a copy of your fathers book? I would love to read it. I am the oldest

        of seven. My hold family is very prodded of my father.

      • 1.2.10
        Jobaby Smith says:

        My father is a 92nd Division Buffulo Soldier. He is 97 years old and lives in Indiania. He is trying to connect with others from his unit… Please contact me with any information, I will pass it on to him. thanks…

    • 1.3
      Dr. Meylon Tillman Clark says:

      Mr. Hodges, Jr., I can't thank you enough for your sacrifice and the contribution you have made not only to this country, but to the world. My beloved father, President Tillman from Mississippi, also was a member of the 92nd Infantry Division and was trained at Fort Benning, Georgia. He passed April 1999. My father didn't talk much about the war, but I can remember as a child, my mother telling us that our father fought overseas in Italy and received an honorable discharge from the military. Not only would I be honored to purchase one of your books, but I would love to connect with other sons and daughters of WWII veterans and in a "big way" remember and honor the soldiers of the "92nd Infantry Division", also and insist that the National Infantry Museum in Columbus, GA give greater notoriety to this great infantry division. Also, is there a list somewhere for the 92nd Infantry Division?
      Sincerely,
      Meylon Tillman Clark

      • 1.3.1
        James Woodland says:

        Dr. Clark:

        I agree that the National Infantry Museum in Columbus, GA should
        provide "exposure" to the public of the service of the 92nd.

        The "notoriety", however, belongs to them in their failure to be all inclusive. I have no doubt that there is a Confederate Memorial extant in that city.

    • 1.4
      john dugger says:

      The 92nd may want to make a contribution to the national Infantry Museum
      The museum is operated off of donations. not tax payer funded.Blacks are well represented in the museum However I see no black organizations listed on the list of contributors. So I asked if any Black Groups han been contacted. The fund raising chairman is new and said he did not know. However I provided him with the name of one group and he did contact them. I do not know the outcome of the contact. The local chapter of the Buffalo Soldiers donated a thousand dollars. This is asmall sum it takes six million to open one gallery.

    • 1.5
      D. Meeker says:

      Again the rewriting of history.

      The "straggler lines" of the 92nd ID were renowned as well as very high desertion rates.

      13% of its Soldiers were illiterate, and another 62% were in the two lowest classification categories as determined by the Army General Classification Test. Many Soldiers in these lower categories proved untrainable, and many more would prove unreliable in combat. These difficulties increased the time the division required to conduct all of its training. In all, the division needed eight more months of training than did similar white divisions.

      It is becoming increasingly difficult to find an accurate reporting of the contributions of the 92nd Infantry.

      • 1.5.1
        Faith DeVeaux says:

        My reply to D Meeker ended up at #119. You're obviously trying to do what was being done back then. Bottom line is, once we get the story out that has been ignored for decades, it won't be increasingly difficult to find an accurate reporting of the contributions of the 92nd Infantry anymore.

        I interviewed a WWII vet who fought in the 92nd Infantry in the Pacific, from Washington, DC, and trained at Ft Huachuca, AZ. You can hear,his story when my film comes out!

    • 1.6
      Gordon Cohn says:

      Responding to Debora Gittens and others: Are you familiar with Ivan J. Houston's book, Black Warriors: the Buffalo Soldiers of World War II? It answers many of the questions posed at this site. Mr. Houston is alive and well. I was privileged to work with him on the book, and I know that many of you would be gratified by his story of the 92nd Division and its achievements in Italy.

      • 1.6.1
        deora gittens says:

        Yes, I have read Mr. Houston's book. Thank you for the reply.

  2. 2
    Harold Borchert says:

    There is public confusion over the separate 24th Infantry regiment and the use of the term "Buffalo Soldiers. (Now holding a local reunion), and the 92nd Infantry Division that fought couragiously in Italy. I served on TDY with the 92nd a short time before they left Louisiana.

    • 2.1
      Sonya Monroe says:

      My uncle, Isaac N. Perry Jr. was an officer with the 92nd Division. He was with them in the landing in Italy, and wrote my mother, his sister about being lost behind enemy lines for a time, and also of visiting the Sistine Chapel. He was a graduate of Lincoln University in Pennsylvania and had several classmates who went on to become world renowned. These include Supreme Court JudgeThurgood Marshall and Kwame Nkrumah.
      It's great to be able to read about the division. I also read the book and saw the movie, "Miracle of St. Anna."

  3. 3
    Harold Borchert says:

    I served for a short time on TDY with the 92nd Inf. Division in Louisiana. The separate 24th Inf. Regiment, (now in reunion locally) uses the same name, "Buffalo Soldiers." The term, and the units should be more clearly defined.

  4. 4
    Harold Borchert says:

    I served on TDY with the 92nd as they performed P.O.M.(preparation overseas movement) in Louisiana, prior to going to Italy. There seems to be some public confusion over the term "Buffalo Soldier" as used by the separate 24th Inf. Regiment (now in reunion locally…). For the history, some clarification seems necessary.

    • 4.1
      Rod Grimes says:

      I have a Battalion photo of the 92nd Buffalo – 371st Division taken at Ft Huachuca, Az sometime in the early 1940's. My Great Uncle Charley Wycoff was Top Sergeant and Troop Bugler. He also Blew taps at the funeral of Gen. John J. Pershing at Arlington National cemetery. He survived Italy and lived to be 92 years old after 30 years in the Army and Army Air Corps.

      • 4.1.1
        R.M. Fuller says:

        Mr. Grimes, would like to see your photo of the 371st. My father was with the 92nd. My e-mail address is: scitrek1@aol.com
        Thank You.

    • 4.2
      John Dugger says:

      The term Buffallo Soldier was applied to Black Soldier after the Civil War it was used in the Southwest, where the 9th& 10th Calvery and the 24th, 25th, and 38th Infantry Regiments served. They were all Buffallo Soldiers.These regiments have an extensive Military History of Bravery and Sacrifice Fighting for their Country and being denied the constutional rights they were denied at home. However they did not quit but marched on with the hope of ONE DAY we will get our just reward. The American Government did not want Black Soldiers to fight during World War One. The Government wanted them to be labors. However the French Government accepted them, and they fought with distinction. But America had to raise her racist head and send a secret letter to the French Government asking them to prevent the Black Soldiers from consorting with the French Women, The French Government did not honor this request. Vie Va La France.

    • 4.3
      M Williams says:

      I am also interested in seeing the photo. My email is dalir_98@yahoo.com

  5. 5
    Martin Gordon says:

    There are two distinct uses of the phrase "Buffalo Soldier." The historic usage refers to the four historic African-American units in the Army, 1867-1954, the 9th and 10 Cavalry and the 24th and 25th Infantry and their short-lived 1865-1867 predecessors. Now many African-American soldiers, especially older veterans, refer to themselves as "Buffalo Soldiers" simply meaning they are continuing the brave tradition of African-American service in the Army. Personally, I think the second current common usage is confusing. I have talked to veterans of the four historic regiments, and in their discussions they used the term only to apply to members of the four regiments. But the current usage is popular and will continue for some time. I hope this helps.

    • 5.1
      us marines jessejames says:

      My granddaddy was in WWI/WWII. He fought. I don't know that he was abled to fight. I still doing my research. I was too young too to keep the family tree at the time. My granddaddy had to be one of the " Buffalo Soldier ".

  6. 6

    [...] tells the story of four African American soldiers in the US Army. They are part of the all-black 92nd Buffalo Soldier Division stationed in Tuscany, Italy during World War [...]

  7. 7
    will says:

    I hope more facts come up pertaining to the 92 Infantry Division during ww2. It is amazing that some negate the influence of Black Soldiers during the war.

  8. 8
    Andrew Woodson says:

    I was wondering if my grandfather by the name of Andrew Giles Kingston Bowman was part of the Buffalo Soldier's during WW II or what part did he have during his military career.

  9. 9
    tmccue says:

    I served with the 1/10 Cav in Iraq and their unit crest is a buffalo with the ledgend "Ready and Forward". The 10th is one of the original four regiments, two cavalry and two infantry that were flagged in the late 1860's and fought in all wars thereafter. I appriciate that the 92nd ID used a buffalo on it's patch and that the soldiers referred to themselves as "Buffalo Soldiers", but the term is historically attached to the 10th and the other three regiments ( 9th Cav, 24 and 25 Inf).

  10. 10
    V says:

    My father tells me that my uncle Stanford "Dwight" Scott was a member of the 92nd division. He went on the earn 2 college degrees and was a city planner for the city of Chicago. Thank him for the lake front view you now enjoy.

  11. 11
    William T. Sutphin, IV says:

    My Grandfather's daddy had been in the 24th Infantry during the years 1888-1891, at Fort Hauchuca and although my Grandpa was in Patton's Army during WW2 and clearly continuing a tradition, he only referred to his father as the "Buffalo Soldier" in the family.

  12. 12
    Letitia says:

    Looking for anyone who served with my father Ben Lawrence Payne WWII Italy. I was adopted and never knew him; only that he was a Trench Rat in Italy. I have his hand book and fez

  13. 13
    Rodney Grimes says:

    HistoryNet staff cannot respond here. Please read disclaimer just above this text box before posting.
    My Great Uncle Charlie Wycoff – Sgt Wycoff, served with the 92nd Buffalo 371st Division at Ft Huachuca, AZ and then in Europe during WW11. I have large photo of the 92nd showing approx 125 soldiers circa 1942 43

    • 13.1
      Ellis Williams says:

      i also have a picture with 125 men from fort huachuca az, i would like to see if we have the same one.i also have a list of names my father marked on the telling where everyone was from.

      • 13.1.1
        Rose Murcier Fuller says:

        My father, JAMES MURCIER, served in WW2. He was a Medic with the 371st Infantry Regiment, and from South Carolina. Please check for his name and state on your photo. If his name is there, please let me know how to get a copy.

        Thannk You,
        Rose Murcier Fuller

      • 13.1.2
        Robin Reynolds says:

        Mr. Williams,

        My my uncle served with the 92nd 371st Division, from Fort Huachuca, AZ. I would like to know if he is in the photograph.

        Thank you,

        Robin

      • 13.1.3
        BJ says:

        My dad's name is Sammy K Turner. Is he in the picture?

        Thanks.

      • 13.1.4
        Rod Grimes says:

        I do not have any names of the other soldiers (sorry), but only have the picture which must have hung on the wall at Uncle Charles home for over 60 years. It is under a hard plastic cover which quite frankly I am afraid to try to remove. I will try to photo it in landscape sections as it is about 2 1/2 ft long. Contact me at my above email address or (602) 377-3050 if you would like me to try to copy it.

        Thanks
        Rod Grimes

      • 13.1.5
        Gregory Brown says:

        Mr. Williams,

        My father was a member to the 371st, Cannon Company. Please forward me a copy of the photo. I would be happy to send any cost associated with the copy.

        glaabrown@aol.com

        Thank you.

      • 13.1.6
        Phillip Headen says:

        My father was in Ft Hauchucha, and served with the 92nd div in Italy. He was in co H, 365th Inf Regt. I would be interested in any info that you may have.
        You may email me or call at (773) 491-3163.

      • 13.1.7
        Marcus Williams says:

        My father, James Walter Williams was a mess sergeant and based on his military records was a Buffalo Soldier in Po Valley North Appeninnes. I never knew him, but I know he was born in Macon, GA but lived in Waycross, GA. Can you see if he is llsted on the picture you have? Thank you so much!

      • 13.1.8
        Rod Grimes says:

        Ellis, it is probably the same photo. Let me know if it is, and maybe your copy is better than mine.

        Thanks

        Rod Grimes
        rlgrime@gmail.com

    • 13.2
      M Williams says:

      Is there anyway, you can email me a copy?

    • 13.3
      Faith DeVeaux says:

      Mr. Grimes,

      My grandfather was the Chaplain for the 92nd at Ft. Huachuca. I am producing a WWII documentary called "Double Victory: Two Warriors in the Fight for Civil Rights During WWII." Would you please check to see if Chaplain John A. DeVeaux is in the picture? If so, would you be willing to email me a copy of the photo for use in the documentary?

      Sincerely,
      Faith DeVeaux
      fai29@aol.com

  14. 14
    Charles McCants says:

    i am looking for any information pretaing to sgt Charles McCants and Joe Frank McCants who faught during the bombing of pearl harbor Both were black and from alabamia born in the early to mid 1920

  15. 15
    lewis c huff says:

    iserved with the 92 div from its birth to it's demise i was a member of general comand sstaff in viaggerio italy
    went ahead of div and served with task force 45 for the fight for lucca
    joined 371st inf reg when they arrived in fall of 1944 was just south of brenna pass when it looked like the whole germand surrendered served at pow camp 246 at aversso and am proude of it
    had the chance make friiends with gen. B O DAVIS

    • 15.1
      Dennis Williams says:

      Mr. Lewis C. Huff:

      Hello, please just send me an e-mail so I can have it. My email address is dbw@ww2coldcases.com.

      I write Black military history and I am working on a project. I am interested in the 92nd and I might have some questions, and I would just love to talk.

      Thanks,
      .
      Dennis Williams

  16. 16
    Staff Sgt, Ralph F. Boyd, Sr. says:

    I served with the 366th Infantry Regiment both at Fort Howard.

    Maryland in summer training from 1938-41 and at Fort Devons,

    before we went to Africa early in 1942 and later to Italy . I was

    non-commission officer of the 2nd batalion , Company E which

    Hero Lieut. John Fox was a member of my platoon. Our CO Cap-

    tain John M>W> Greene was killed in that battle.

    • 16.1
      James D. Woodland says:

      Mr. Boyd:

      Did you know a soldier by the name of Vernon Woodland from Philadelphia, PA ?

      He served/died in Italy. He was a known boxer in Philly ln the light weight division (112- 115 lbs)

      • 16.1.1
        James Pratt says:

        Mr. Woodland,

        Do you have a photo of Vernon Woodland as a boxer? I am assembling photos of men from the 366th who are buried in Italy. I took a photo of Vernon's stone in the Florence cemetery if you would like a copy.

        James Pratt

    • 16.2
      ret.1SG.Mark Brewer says:

      My cousin was Lt. Garland A. Borden this was the last voice that John Fox heard. My cousin was the Btty Cdr. a 1st. Lt. 358 F.A. 92nd.It was his batty that fired on this o.p. they went to O.C.S. school together. He has passe on he told me this story when he was 89yr. with tear in his eyes he died 2010 at 92yrs. He was a good man. I wonder what happen to Gen. Almond He was a Bad Div. cmdr.If anyone knows please let me know.

    • 16.3
      henry simpson jr says:

      do you know or remember a soldier named henry simpson that was in the trucking division 92nd. during the time you served in italy during world war 2 if you have any imformation about or know so one who does it would be very important to me and my family thank the simpson family

    • 16.4
      Dennis Williams says:

      Hello, please just send me an e-mail so I can have it. My email address is dbw@ww2coldcases.com.

      I write Black military history and I am working on a project. I am interested in the 92nd and I might have some questions, and I would just love to talk.

      Thanks,
      .
      Dennis Williams

    • 16.5
      Dennis Williams says:

      Hello, My email address is dbw@ww2coldcases.com.

      I write Black military history and I am working on a project. I am interested in the 92nd and I might have some questions, and I would just love to talk.

      Thanks,
      .
      Dennis Williams

  17. 17
    sweetgirl says:

    umm i just want facts on one african american who fought in world war 1 for a report for school so i need like a list of african americans who fought in world war 1 and i need things like the age were they from and stuff like that.

  18. 18
    1LT, US Army says:

    sweetgirl, I would suggest you visit a library as opposed to showing ignorance and insensitivity here for all the world to see.

    But to help you, look up 2LT Henry O. Flipper.

  19. 19
    Priscilla says:

    Almost an hour ago, I finished watching the movie,"Miracle at St.Anna, It took me this past hour to "compose" mY emotions and to research the truth re: the movie. As I wrote down the info for my research, ( 92nd Infantry,Buffalo Soldiers,Fox Company,and the date,1944) I reached this site and read the entire article re: same. I see they honored Lt.John Fox, ( I presume) by naming their company after his unselfish act of sacrificing his life to kill the German's he was surrounded by in the village he was in. The bravery of those men in the movie goes beyond human dedication.God bless all the African-Americans that served in WW11, no matter what their assignment was.And shame to the "Brass" for thinking so little of their abilities,and intelligence.
    The scene that disturbed me the most was the massacre in front of the StAnna Church, where the Priest,victims,Germans,and the Italian people were all saying the Lords prayer before the Germans shot the innocents in cold blood. May God have the best places in Heaven for those soldiers who were treated so badly, and may God have mercy on the Ignorant whites who paid no attention to them when they crossed the river,and shot directly where the Buffalo Soldiers made it to where they were ordered to go. I bow to all the African-Americans whose blood is as red as mine for all they sacrificed that we may live.And God bless their descendants. I also ask God for forgiveness to all of us ever thought any other way re: our different ethnicities.

    • 19.1
      DUGGER JOHN says:

      I AGREE I ALSO SAW THE MOVIE MIRACLE AT SANTA ANNA, AND I AGREE. IT IS UNFORTUNATE THAT WE BLACKMEN HAVE SERVED IN EVERY CONFLICT AMERICA HAS BEEN IN AND SERVED WITH DISTINCTION HOWEVER EVERY TIME A NEW CONFLICT COMES UP WE HAVE TO PROVE OURSELVES ALL OVER AGAIN. THE BIG BRASS HAS FOR GOTTEN OUR PAST VALOR. LOOK UP GEORGE WATSON MEDIAL OF HONOR WINNER WATSON FIELD AT FORT BENNING IS NAMED AFTER HIM HE WASN'T INFANTRY BUT HE DIED WITH THE SAME TENACITY THAT ANY INFATRYMAN HAS DIED WITH

  20. 20
    Art says:

    Folks,

    I had an uncle that served in the 92nd ID, although he passed 4 years ago his deeds live on through the ages.

    I have dedicated my personal time in keeping his memory alive, as well as all of the other Black soldiers that fought in WW2 and recieved little to no recognition.

    Please feel free to look at our website and learn a little bit of history on Black troops during the war and the special hardships they had to endure as soldiers and men. http://www.5thplatoon.org

  21. 21

    [...] men, for the most part, couldn't even fight in combat. There were the Tuskegee Airmen and a black infantry division or two, but the fight for "freedom" was mainly a white man's duty, and so white [...]

  22. 22
    old Col. says:

    My older brother served in the Navy in WW II, He was killed during the taking of islands in 1940's. I have searched his Vmail over and over and the only mentioned as duties of People of Color was in the duties of cooks, stewarts and garbage detail. How long wii we keep letting people of color rewrite HISTORY?

    • 22.1
      Simon says:

      Just because one person was not where someone else was does that mean that the other person did not exist? It was a big war – widen your view.

  23. 23
    John Moore U.S. Navy(Ret.) says:

    It still amazes me how our governmment and many people of high rank could and still do deny the contributions of so many African Americans in evey conflict this country has ever participated in. They spilled their blood and others for a belief in what they where doing. Yet it seems they will never get the full respect and acknowledgement that they so rightly deserve until the mind set of a society changes.

  24. 24
    Joyce Costello says:

    I am trying to locate veterans that were stationed at near what is now Camp Darby during World War II. I'm the public affairs director for Camp Darby and I'm putting together a piece
    highlighting the 65th anniversary of the liberation of Italy. If you could please email me at pao.livorno@eur.army.mil I would greatly appreciate it.

    If you know of any veterans or families of veterans who served in Tuscany from World War II to present day, I am interested in copies of photos, old news paper clipping, personal recollections, etc.

    • 24.1
      Renato Moncini says:

      Cara Paesana
      here is a name of a veteran of WW2 that was stationed in S.Rossore,fought in Lucca all the way to Pietrasanta.
      Mr. Dewitt Jackson, 45 North Acres Dr. Greenville SC 29609 Tel.(864-3225381
      This is the second time I tried to send, hope it will go.
      Saluti Renato

      • 24.1.1
        john hendrix says:

        DEAR. ALL MY NAME IS JOHN HENDRIX , I LIVE IN CHAMPAIGN IL. RET.ARMY. I GREW UP IN A LITTLE TOWN JUST NORTH OF YOU CALL EASLEY,MY UNCLE LLOYD WEST WAS IN THE365/92 CHARLIE COMPANY,IF YOU CAN FIND A PICTURE PLEASE SHARE IT WITH ME .I,AM A CLASS MEMBER OF EASLEY HIGH1973.

  25. 25
    Christopher G Evans says:

    looking for a picture of seven men receiving decorations from LGEN Mark Clark in Virregio Italy in 1944

    • 25.1
      Debora Gittens says:

      I have a picture of my father receiving the bronze star from Lt Gen Clark in Virregio in 1944. My father was MI and a white officer in the 92nd, $70th battalion. He just turned 100 and has many memories of WWII. For his sake, I would like to communicate with any living veterans of that era. Please write back if possible.

  26. 26
    Donna says:

    I just watched Miracle at St. Anna….and I think this movie was a real good movie. I watched the movie without getting bored.
    It's hard to find a good war movie and in my opinion it ranks right up there with the movie Band of Brothers.
    After watching ….I thought the movie was a true story, but
    later I did some research on the internet and found out that the movie was not a true story. Although the movie was taken from the Buffalo Soldiers of real life….I still thought this was an awesome movie. Also the beach scene with the person at the very end was fascinating. P.s. I dont want to give any ending away.
    See this movie if you have not already.

    • 26.1
      busy says:

      The movie is base on a true story.

    • 26.2
      aldo tambellini says:

      The facts in the story were distorted much to the pain of the Partisans in Italy who served as consultants for the movie. There was a problem with the movie and the way the it portrayed the partisans as people who would betray…In all though, the fact that it finally sheds some light on the buffalo Soldiers in a positive way is wonderful. I would suggest you get INside buffalo a movie by a greta young director form Italy. Now that is a true documentary of the Soldiers who were brave liberating Italy while, they themselves were not fully free. I was there I know what those brown faces meant to us.

  27. 27
    I am the future says:

    to Mr. Art sir you are very ingnorant and what do you mean how long will we let people of color rewrite history? May God help you, and have mercy on your soul!

  28. 28
    Sophia A. Johnson says:

    I have two pictures of my grandfather inlaw with the entire 92nd infantry. Such a great peice of history that I am honored to have married into.

    • 28.1
      Ellis Williams says:

      I also have a picture of the 92nd infantry military police from fort huachuca az 1942. This was taken on the football field

      • 28.1.1
        Erick F Williams Sr says:

        Mr. Williams

        My father was in the 92nd infantry military police. My father

        would tell me stories about guard duty in NY city be for shipping

        to Africa. His name was Homer F Williams from Floreice Ga. I would

        realy like a copy of that picture.

    • 28.2
      Rose Murcier Fuller says:

      Ms. Johnson, I would love to see the photo you have. My father may be in the photo. He served as a Medic, his name James Murcier. Home state, is SC. My e-mail is: scitrek1@aol.com
      Thank You,
      RM Fuller

    • 28.3
      Gregory Brown says:

      Ms Johnson,

      Would you be willing to share the photo?

      Thank you.

    • 28.4
      Meylon Tillman Clark says:

      Hello Sophia,
      My father, President Tillman was a member of the 92nd Infantry Division and passed away April 1999. Is it possible to get a print of your original copy of the Division. I will gladly pay the cost.

      Sincerely,
      Meylon Tillman Clark
      Columbus, Georgia
      email: wmispirit@aol.com

    • 28.5
      M Williams says:

      Would it be possible to see the picture via email?

      Thank you.

  29. 29
    Linda G. says:

    My father who will be 86 next month served in the 92nd and I am in the process of videotaping his memories. Would like to speak to other GIs or family members who served in the 92nd Buffalo Division. Contact me at mpubl@aol.com

  30. 30
    RyB says:

    First of all, I would like to thank all veterans who have served the U.S., but especially those men and women who fought for 'double victory" during WWII. Your battles in war and at home have been inspirational to say the least. May we never forget the lives laid down, the blood shed, and the service given by the brave men and women who fought for the principles of equality for all.

  31. 31
    chelsey says:

    dis is no help @ all 4 me

  32. 32
    Calvin Bass says:

    Looking for members of Div Hqts

    Assigned to Adj Gen Office
    Under Capt Oshner

  33. 33
    Fred says:

    Hi my name is Fred Kuwornu, i'm an italian filmaker.
    I've just finished to produce Inside Buffalo the 1st specifically documentary aboout the 92nd Buffalo in Italy.
    I'm italian and i interviewed a dozen of veterans and italian partisans who fought together the black GI.

    see
    http://www.insidebuffalo.org
    i will need of you cooperation to make known this story in USA in my next special screenings around STATES.
    write me kudjo71@hotmail.com

  34. 34
    anthony russ says:

    I read most of the great military action during ww2, lots of brothers faught well, but what i find it repugnant the pale
    face higher ups never give credit where credit is due, some
    thing was fishy when the pale face showed the fighting in WW2
    europe, no credit was not given to the black units who faught
    well to my liking and also proved they knew what was expected
    of them, so for me they are my hero, and the paleface as whole
    never gave credit where credit was due, and I can't believe they
    stick to their guns, the bluggers, I was a Marine Corp Viet Nam
    Vet back in 1969 to 1970 and when we came back, we never got
    no fan fare, so it's a bloody shame, we join a branch, go to war only
    to labeled not worthy of fighting, well I'm bloody sorry I nearly got
    a bullet, it's hard to put up with that system running the show, mate, Cheers

  35. 35
    Sandy Willis says:

    My dad passed away in 1986 at the age of 83. I didn't know much about him, as he didn't talk much about his history. I also never knew any of his family, other than a sister named Sarah. I do know that my dad served in WWII, I believe as a cook. His name was Albert T. Willis. I hope that someone knows him. Until his dying days, my dad was always a gentleman – very polite and a sharp dresser. I can only imagine what he endured in the military during the war as a cook. This is an attempt for me to try and find out about my dad, so that I can better understand myself.

  36. 36
    RJ Samp says:

    I'm still in awe that 188,000 blacks fought as USCT during the ACW and we still have a bunch of white officer's thinking they can't fight/be trusted/are dumber than a ridge runner or cracker in 1944.

    Had a fellow employee who commanded a Red Ball Express company in France……all black save the officers….next door neighbor in Scottsdale was a Tuskegee airman, flew a P-47 and did a fine job.

    Don't forget that many blacks repo-depo'ed in to US Infantry Regiments as a 5th platoon. This was in 1945. See MacDonald's classic "Company Commander" for documentation.

    Just saw Pork Chop Hill for the 50th time…..the scene between the North Korean/Manchurian and the Nissei is still disturbing

    Am watching the Buffalo Soldier Division movie as I write this…..happy July 4th….

  37. 37
    A. Hyman says:

    Just got through watching the movie Miracle at St. Anna. All in all, I thought it was a pretty good movie. I would love to see more fact-based movies that tell of African American contributions to the protection of our country.

    I would like to thank all servicemen and their families (past and present) for their enormous sacrifice.

    May GOD bless you all!

    Thank you.

  38. 38
    Rodney B says:

    My father was a staff sergeant in the 92nd. He was in the division in Italy from their landing until after hostilities in Europe had ended.

    He recounted that a massacre was perpetrated on the folk of a town by the Germans. I do not recall which town. It was interesting that such was depicted in the Miracle at St. Anna. His outfit moved into that town after the population was hearded into a church for their destruction by artillery fire. He and his outfit were very angry about that. He did not say much about their response to action.

  39. 39
    Paul Martinelli says:

    I am an American Korean Veteran, 76 years old.
    I was a boy of allmost 12 years when black soldiers of the 92nd
    Buffalo division arrived in a village called Montefegatesi at the foot of the Appennines Mountains, 2400 feet above sea level. It was about November 1944. The held the town until Febraury 1945 againt German forces only few miles away.
    All these soldiers were very gentle and respectfull of me, I will never forget such an event of over 60 years ago.

  40. 40
    Burton Jones says:

    I lost an uncle in northern Italy as he and others in the 317th Engineer Corp were clearing mine fields around May 1945. He was Sergeant Granville Burton Williams, originally from Bermuda. Never saw him personally as I was only 6 months old when he died. My mother (his sister) named me after him and he knew about that before he died. "Miracle at St. Anna" made it all so real. Tearful.

  41. 41
    Gia Lewis Grows says:

    My great-uncle, Andrew Roublow was a member of the 371st Infantary Regiment, 92nd Infantary Divison, he was from Louisiana. He was killed in Florence, Italy on Feb. 11, 1945. If anyone knew him please contact me at ggrows@yahoo.com

    Thanks.

  42. 42
    Jim Haberek says:

    The 66th Infantry Division, the Black Panthers, saw action in Europe during WW2.

  43. 43
    Ray Wazeerud-Din says:

    I am a Navy veteran was attached to VP-26 from 1962 to 1964. The comment received from Art is typical of some that only hear and report half truth. It is past time that we begin to write our own history and not leave it up to others to correct and include what has been left out. As an old African saying goes "When the lion begins to tell his story the outcome of the hunt will be different."

  44. 44
    Richard Ford says:

    The 92nd Division does not have any direct lineage to the original Buffaloe Soldiers(9th,10th cavalry and 24th 25th Infantry).The Division's History starts in 1917.It was made of draftees and only 156 officers and elistedmen of the 4 regiments mentioned above were transfered into the Division.The Division was about 20,000 men strong.No componant of the four Black regular units were ever incorporated into the Division.According to one account The Buffaloe Symbol was chosen as an honor to negro contribution to westward expansion. The Nickname Buffalo used in the division was first used by the 367th Infantry(Moss's Buffaloes). In order to understand the 92nd of WW2 ,one must look at the achievements,sacfrices and problems they faced In WW1.

    Many Historians fail to mention WW1 when they refer to the 92nd,Some have tried to bulid a false linaege to the original Buffalo Soldier. The Division fought Gallantly in both World wars and should never be forgotten. Not all 92nd Vets refer to themselves as Buffalo Soldiers,But simply buffaloes. In recent years,there has been an increased use of Buffalo Soldier being used for any Black unit before 1951. The media has had a part in this. I am gald to see that more people are starting to pay more attention to the Division. I have two realatives who were in the 92nd In WW2. Check out Scott's official History of the American Negro in the World War for some great info on the 92nd in WW1. It is areal treat to speak with the vest at the re-unions.It has been a great help with research. There also many other good sources that are available.This division was the largest Black Combat unit in WW2. The Men definately derserve thier recognition after so many years of being neglected from history.

    Richard Ford

    Richard Ford

  45. 45

    [...] men, for the most part, couldn't even fight in combat. There were the Tuskegee Airmen and a black infantry division or two, but the fight for "freedom" was mainly a white man's duty, and so white [...]

  46. 46

    [...] men, for the most part, couldn't even fight in combat. There were the Tuskegee Airmen and a black infantry division or two, but the fight for "freedom" was mainly a white man's duty, and so white [...]

  47. 47
    Kathleen Duhl says:

    My father, Elmer P. Rohrbacher was the Company Commander in the 317th Engineer Combat Battalion. (Company B) He passed in June 2005, but we all grew up hearing the stories of he and his men and all they endured during their time in Italy. I have been researching the 92nd Infantry Division and am pleased to learn there is more and more information being made public to honor those who have gone unnoticed for so long.

    I hope there is someone out there who knew my father and could tell me more stories. In looking at papers and letters there are names that appear to have influenced the 317th:

    LtG Edward Romney (Arlington VA)
    Lieutenant Bryan Cunningham (retired as Major General in DC)
    Colonel Rousse
    Major Creston Alexander (Dallas TX)
    Captain Nicholas E. Piccione (St Petersburg, FL)
    Captain Ed Wilson (Leola, PA)

    These names are from 1988 so many or all of them might not be around. I just thought I would put it out there just in case. I would love to share the stories i heard over and over.

    Kathleen Duhl

  48. 48
    Susan Fridie says:

    My father, Edmund Fridie, was a Lieutenant in charge of Cannon Company in the 370th regiment, 92nd division. He died last summer at age 94. Originally from New York City, he spent his last few years in a veteran's home in Arizona. In that environment he thought more about his war years than he had for 50 years before that. A volunteer there interviewed him several times and is writing an oral history of his experiences. When asked about his service in the 370th, he consistently said, "They called us the Buffaloes." Not, "We were the buffaloes." Not, "We called ourselves the Buffaloes." No use of the term "Buffalo Soldiers." I believe the blurring between the original Black troops in the American west and the "Colored" division in WWII Italy is of much more recent origin. As Black history has become more well known, people, black and white, are using the term Buffalo Soldier incorrectly to apply to the later soldiers.

  49. 49
    kathleen myers says:

    all men though who are not treated equal who give their livesin all the wars should be given the same recognition my grandson who is biracial has put his life on the line for this country i ony hope this country can get together and r ealize we are all GOD'S childen. give cedit where credt is due for all mankind.a proud grandmom

  50. 50
    kathleen myers says:

    I'm a proud grandmother of a bi-racial USM who has been serving his country for the last 5 plus year you need to give credit due to all men and women who give of thierselves past present and future.we are all GOD'S children come on it's 2010,hope it's enough time to get things right.

  51. 51
    Calvin Hickerson says:

    Were there any Hickerson, ambrose, bell African American Buffalo Soldiers are any from The Famour 92nd Infantry Division

  52. 52
    Linda Reedy Wagoner says:

    Re: The posting of Richard Ford dated 11/10/2009. My father was a friend of Ed Wilson's, Ed passed in the mid 1990's. They were stationed at Ft. Huachuca together. Dad ended up being the captain of Company K, 370th Infantry Regiment and was in Italy for most of the war. He was white and his whole company was African American. He thought a lot of his men and said they quite frequently ended up being the first ones sent into difficult spots and dangerous places and did not get recognition for such back then. He also had been at Camp Breckenridge in Ky. Dad passed in 1996. The Buffalo soldier term was not used that much back then (WWII) although it does have a long standing tradition before then and of course now. His name was Captain Elmer Reedy.

    • 52.1
      Robin Reynolds says:

      Ms Wagoner,

      My uncle was in the 92nd, and was KIA in Italy on 8 February 1945. I don't know your father, however, I am reading a very interesting book, which mentions your father quite a bit. The author was a 19 year old negro soldier, who wrote of his experiences during that time. The author's name is Ivan Houston, and the book is called Black Warriors: The Buffalo Soldiers of WWII.

      I hope this helps!

  53. 53
    NAVAR says:

    THE BUFFLALO SOLDIERS WERE ON TOP OF THERE GAME

  54. 54
    cynthia burton rhodes says:

    My father John Tarver Burton, Sr. (1922-2003) served in the 92nd Inf. My father never talked about his time in the military. we only found out when he passed away that he indeed was a Buffalo Soldier. I am very proud of my father. I would love to know if someone served with him.

    • 54.1
      Meylon Tillman Clark says:

      My father, President Tillman, Sr. from Mississippi, was also a member of the 92nd Infantry Division. He never spoke of his experience, but little we do know came from our mother. She told us that daddy served overseas in Italy and honorably discharged. I hope this helps.
      Would you be interested in helping to find out who all the soldiers of the 92nd division were? It would take a lot of work, but we can do it.

      Sincerely,
      Meylon
      email: wmispirit@aol.com

    • 54.2
      M Williams says:

      I would be interested in finding the names. How would we go about it?

  55. 55
    cynthia burton rhodes says:

    My father John Tarver Burton, Sr. (1922-2003) served in the 92nd Inf. My father never talked about his time in the military. we only found out when he passed away that he indeed was a Buffalo Soldier. I am very pr oud of my father. I would love to know if someone served with him.

  56. 56
    DONNA RENFRO LAWSON says:

    I know of a living legend that served in the 366th infantry in Italy, he is an African American and still active.

    • 56.1
      Alan Phelps says:

      My father, William Phelps, was a lieutenant with the 366th also. He trained at Fort Devins, MA and served with honor and distinction. He passed away in August 2009 and I am trying to piece together his story which is very interesting. I wish I could have gotten more out of him about WW II when he was alive but he didn't talk about it much. It was great reading Black Warriors, it helped me understand a lot about what his experience must have been like.

      • 56.1.1
        BJ says:

        My Dad (Sammy Turner) was a sargent with the 366th. What have you found out. Is there a roster listing names.

      • 56.1.2
        BJ says:

        Could you please make that info available to us.

        Thanks.

        BJ

      • 56.1.3
        Al P says:

        Sorry BJ, I have a roster of officers but not NCOs. I am going to try to get day to day records, so I'll let you know if I find anything out about your dad.

    • 56.2
      Dennis Williams says:

      Hi Ms. Lawson, if this soldier is still alive, I would like to find him. I write WWII history. Please email me at dbw@ww2coldcases.com

      Thanks,
      Dennis Williams

  57. 57
    George Gatewood says:

    I was trying to find out if my brother Msgt Earl D Gatewood served with the 92d during wwII . He also served during the Inchon invasion during the Korean war. He was wounded in Dec 1950. If there is any way I can find out about this please respond.

  58. 58
    H. Carolyn King says:

    Have many signatures from Buffalo Soldiers who were in WWII in Italy from a special event held in 1993. Would be glad to share information about them.

    • 58.1
      Bill Keuper says:

      Carolyn:

      I am researching a soldier from the 370th in WWII with the last name Weddle. I found his medals and two pictures in an old box in the corner of the basement of a house that I bought some years ago. I would love to find out if he was at that event and more info about him. Let me know if you know anything that will help.

      Thanks

    • 58.2
      Dennis Williams says:

      Hi, do you have contact information on these soldiers. I am a WWII writer and researcher and would like an opporunity to meet them. My email is dbw@ww2coldcases.com.

      Thanks,
      Dennis Williams

  59. 59
    LESTER D. RAINS says:

    THE 66 BLACK PANTHER DIV.OF WW2 WAS NOT A BLACK DIV.I WAS WITH IT WHEN IT WAS FORMED IN FORT BLANDING FLA. IN 1943

  60. 60
    James Pratt says:

    to: Staff Sgt, Ralph F. Boyd, Sr.

    I recently visit Sommocolonia. The people there still remember what the 366th did for them in Dec 1944. I'm trying to establish a list of the men involved in the battle. Any help you could give would be greatly appreciated. Thank you.

    • 60.1
      Alan Phelps says:

      My father was a lieutenant in the 366th and was a good friend of Lt Graham Jenkins who died in the battle of Sommocolonia. I also went to Sommocolonia twice last summer and paid my respects. I went to Cinquale also which I know was particularly tough for my father.

  61. 61
    S.Y. Jenkins says:

    My father was in the 92nd Infantry and I remember stories he told me when I was a child. He talked about his time in Italy and how well he liked the people and how nice they were to him. I knew there were things he wasn't telling us about just by the looks that came over him at times when he thought his time there. I have seen the movie and know understand those looks. My father died in 1990 from cancer and I am proud to be his child. This story is important, it shows that black Americans served this country proudly and with honor despite the beliefs that many had at that time.

  62. 62
    Katherine Mason-Ramsay says:

    My father Mansfield Mason was a staff sergeant in the 92nd Infantry. He fought in WWII and was stationed in Italy. He is now 93 years of age, and he talks often about his experience in the services. He recounts the moments as if it was yesterday. If anyone is interesting in learning what he knows, feel free to contact by e-mail. daliahturner@yahoo.com.

    • 62.1
      Phillip Headen says:

      My father was in 365th Inf Regt, 92nd Div. He died in 1980. I would love to hear your father's stories and if possible, talk with him. feel free to email me or telephone me at (773) 491-3163.

      Phil Headen

    • 62.2
      Nyaesia says:

      I am researching a project that I am working on and would love to know more about what your father experienced in WWII.

  63. 63
    robin peterson says:

    I am trying to get some information on my father. He was in World War 1 from 3/30/1918 – 6/25/1919. He was with Transportation Company #832. I was trying to look up his unit – no luck. It is not a lot people living that was in World War 1. Are there any sites that I can go to and do the resource. His name was James Lee. We are planning a family union. I am trying to get as much information I can.

    It does not matter what you did in the service or what color you are. You went out there and fought for your country that what counts. AMEN to your!!!!!

  64. 64
    Elizabeth Biagas says:

    My Father, Gus Tave Biagas,Sr.,volunteered to serve in World War II. He was spanish(Spain) and Chatow Indian from Louisiana. He was assigned to the 92nd Division out 0f Ft. Waschuta, Ar.
    He spoke, Spanish, Frence and IIndian. He was an expert marksman, e came back from Itlaty speaking Italian like a native.. I lost all his papers in Hurricane Katrina. The Italian People honored them. In America, they did not. Now there is a movie about them.

  65. 65
    shirley Kitchen-Rogers says:

    My father,mr.John H. Kitchen served with the Buffalo Soldiers ww11 92nd infantry, he was deployed from Ft. Benning, Georgia he is interesting in telling his story, do you know of any survivors from his unit that he may contact? Thank you so much for allowing me to post a comment

  66. 66
    Sonya Monroe says:

    My Uncle, Isaac N. Perry, Jr. was a member of the 92nd Division during WWII. Upon discharge he had the rank of Captain. He shared a few stories, mostlywith my mom, his sister of his experience in Italy. Unc, as we called him spoke fluent Italian, was an adjutant, is my understanding to a Colonel, and sent behind enemy lines as an observer. He was lost behind enemy lines for several days and thank God was able to find his way out. He was always a dignified, intelligent, and compassionate human being, and I loved him very much. I only wish that I had the opportunity to talk to him more about his experience. I have read the book, The Miracle of St. Anna, based on the 92nd Division in Italy; but have not seen the film. I'd also like to share that my great uncle Charles Perry was in the 9th Calvary during the Spanish-American war, and told stories of riding up San Juan Hill with Teddy Roosevelt's Rough Riders.

  67. 67
    Zurriane says:

    My grandfather was a member of the 92nd Infantry Division, Buffalo Soldiers. His name is Eugene Thomas. He served from 1942 thru 1945. His company was I & K. His highest rank was Cpl. You know like most I found out about this part of his life after he pasted. This was a part of his life that you rarely talked about at all. He was a very religious man and this part of his past is a small window into the man I knew as grand daddy. As a member of the United States Armed Forces myself and as a retired Marine I am very proud of my grandfather, his service and to the several scarifies that he made for his family and county. He like those who served before, with and after him deserves to be honored and recognized. The bad part is it is not easy to find information. Besides finding a picture of him in Army uniform wearing his buffalo soldiers patch on his shoulders above his PFC rank insignia. I was lucky enough to find some of his information. He was also in the civil war soldiers and sailor system website that is run by the national parks service. Just wish that there was a way that I could find out more about him. My grandfather is gone he pasted in 1988 but his history will live on by me, my children and their children and so on. Thank you grand dad you are with us always.

    Zurriane Bennett, Chief Warrant Officer, USMC retired

  68. 68
    Linda says:

    My uncle was First Lieutenant Millard L. Sullivan. I have a picture of him from a newspaper dated December 17, 1944 where he was receiving a Silver Star from Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark, Commander of the Allied Troops in Italy. Lt. Sullivan fought with the combat team of the 92nd Buffalo Division of the Fifth Army in Italy. The medal was for "galantry in action". My family and I are working on our family tree in Ancestry.com and this is all the info we have on our Uncle Millard. Our mother never spoke much about her brother except that he was a war hero. Per daliahturner's post above, I sent her a message seeing if her relative knew anything about my uncle but she hasn't responded. I know this is a long shot, but just checking to see if anyone has any family members who may have other information regarding my Uncle Millard. I'll keep checking this website. Thanks a lot!

  69. 69
    Linda says:

    My uncle, Lt. Millard L. Sullivan also fought with the 92nd Infantry, however, we don't know much about him. I just found a copy of his obit that says he died on 2/9/45. He was a war hero, a receiver of the purple heart, silver star & presidential citation. He was also married to someone named Loretta who passed away before him but that's all we know. My mother used to talk about her brother the war hero, but never gave any specifics. If anyone has a family member who may have fought along side him and possibly still remembers anything about him, it will be greatly appreciated. I know this is a long shot due to the advanced ages but anything will be appreciated. I check this website periodically. I sent to an email to daliahturner from her post (above) but haven't heard anything. Thanks a lot. I also posted this last week and it got deleted and I can't figure out why.

  70. 70
    Beverly Withers says:

    My father, Ambrose Withers, was a staff sergent in the 92nd In italy in 1945. A song was written for me in his honor– "When will you be coming home?" He was very proud of his contribution to the cause of liberty. I would love to meet the families of other buffalo soldiers who were with my father during the final months of WWII and donate my services to any commemorations of their service. Beverly Withers

    reallybev@yahoo.com

    http://www.beverlywithers-soprano.com

  71. 71

    [...] men, for the most part, couldn't even fight in combat. There were the Tuskegee Airmen and a black infantry division or two, but the fight for "freedom" was mainly a white man's duty, and so white [...]

  72. 72
    Kristin says:

    I believe there is still a surviving member of this Infantry Division living in Fluvanna County, Virginia. His name is Ernest Bruce and he won both the Purple Heart for being wounded in service and the Bronze Star for Meritorious Service. Both he and his brother, Thomas, are veterans. Both incredibly humble men.

  73. 73
    Joyce Dobbs says:

    My Dad served with the 92nd Infantry Division beginning in Fort Huachuca and ending with their return home after their service in Italy. His name was William Albert Dobbs, and he was from Kentucky. He was an administrator at headquarters in Viareggio or Genoa. His rank was Captain. He spoke very little of his experiences, but he became very emotional each time he spoke of writing letters to inform next of kin of a casualty. He often said he could not contact anyone he served with, because 'they would not want to hear from me.' He passed away in 2000. I'm hoping that someone might have known him or worked in his area and would want to share their experiences. I would be honored if I could hear from you. I also would like to thank all of the men of the 92nd Infantry and their families for their courage and their service to our Country during this very difficult time, and to thank all those who have served since.

    • 73.1
      BJ says:

      Hi Joyce:

      I found quite a bit of info on my Dad's discharge papers. He was also a member of the 92nd/366th. He passed iin 1989. I have his purple heart, a machete and one picture of him in uniform.

      I wish I had had a better understanding about what he went through years ago. Now I want to know everything..

      What have you found out about your dad.

      BJ

  74. 74
    Naomi Reynolds says:

    Hey I'm looking for any information on Whitfield Scott in joined the army in 1919. He was from Saxe, Virginia and went to France for a while.

  75. 75
    BJ says:

    Looking for anyone who would have information about Sammy Turner (may have called him Turk) or his unit. 92nd/366th Pictures would be greatly appreciated – group, individuals – anything.

    Served June 1943-Feb46
    From Volusia County (Daytona)

    Apennines
    PG Valley
    Serchio Valley

    Also spent some time in the Philipines (Manila) 1945

    Believe he box a little.

    Thanks.

    • 75.1
      BJ says:

      Corrected email address for replies.

    • 75.2
      James Woodland says:

      BJ

      I found info. for a Prince E. Turner, from Goochland, VA

      Service# 33041566. He was KIA on February 8, 1945. 3rd Battallion, Company L.

  76. 76
    BJ says:

    Would love to hear from 92nd div soldiers or families.

    • 76.1
      Erick F Williams Sr says:

      BJ
      My name is Erisk F Williams Sr. My father Homer F Williams from

      Florence Ga.. Was in the 92nd/366th in Italy. His ASN 34558440. I

      would like to get any pictures,or hear from any one that may new him.

      I would also like a patch.

  77. 77
    Bobby Hairston says:

    Could someone display a picture of a patch of veterans who were Buffalo Soldiers

  78. 78
    Bobby Hairston says:

    Maybe. I said it the wrong way. I have a patch that was given to me by my grandfather over 25 years ago. I just wanted to know if this is a patch given to black military men known as " Buffalo Soldiers " If it is or not, it's something that would be passed down in my family from generatiom to genaration.

  79. 79
    Dan says:

    Hi , Iam trying to do some research for a friend of mine , His name is Floyd Clarence Smith and was with the 92nd black division and the 88th division he was he started as a 1st lieut then Captain in Italy from 1942 to 1946 and he cannot find anyone from his units or any info on himself from being there. if anyone can help that would be great , he is now 90 yrs old and wants to find out before he is gone
    Thanks in advance, PS , hes looking for pictures and information.

  80. 80
    Jackie Taylor says:

    Good Day, I am writing this quick note in the hopes of being able to track down my friend's father. She does not know him, and has been desperately seeking to find him for years. We really hope you can help. He served on the U.S. Naval Base in 1959. The only information that she has is that either his first name was Preston or that was his last name that's all her mother was able to give her. She was born to Gloria Gardner June 2, 1960 and she has spent the last 51 years of her life yearning to find her 'Dad'. Can anybody help. If so she can be reached @ kgardner@gov.bm

  81. 81
    Jackie Taylor says:

    OOPS I FORGOT, he served in Bermuda

  82. 82

    [...] African American 92nd Infantry Division Fought in Italy During … The African-American 92nd Infantry Division took on formidable … come up pertaining to the 92 Infantry Division during ww2. … I have large photo of the 92nd showing approx 125 … [...]

    • 82.1
      BJ says:

      My dad was in the 92nd – 366th. Is the photo posted on a website. Can you email me a copy.

      Thanks.

      BJ

      • 82.1.1
        john hendrix says:

        PLEASE I WOULD LOVE TO HAVE A COPY, MY UNCLE WAS IN CHARLIE ,COMPANY 365 INFANTRY 92 DIVISION.HIS NAME IS LOYD WEST,FROM EASLEY SOUTH CAROLINA.HE WAS AT THE ST ANNA BATTLE IN WW2.

    • 82.2
      Meylon Tillman Clark says:

      Could you please let me know how I might obtain a copy of the 92nd Infantry Division of WWII. My dad, President Tillman from Mississippi, was a member. Thanks so much.

      Meylon Tillman Clark
      wmispirit@aol.com

    • 82.3
      M Williams says:

      I also would be interested in looking at the photo. Would you be able to send a copy via email?

    • 82.4
      Joyce Mangum says:

      Please let me know also how to view the photo. My dad, Maj. William A. Dobbs, was with the 92nd AG or Headquarters Battalion. As I mentioned earlier, I have a few mementos of his that I would like to be able to share with those families. Please reply thru this site–I look forward to hearing from you!

  83. 83
    James D. Woodland says:

    I recently acquired an article by a NY Times columnist (Charles M. Blow) who detailed the events of black soldiers who served with the 92nd Infantry. His grandfather Sgt. Fred D. Rhodes saw action in Italy and received the Silver Star for his heroism.

    Should anyone desire the published article, contact me at jimmyjam1945@yahoo.com, I will forward you a scanned copy.

  84. 84
    James D. Woodland says:

    In response to "old Colonel" who only read of his brothers characture of black military hero's who served and gave their lives in Italy as my brother and other heroes who served with him: History MUST be rewritten to account for the accomplishments, and the distinguished service of black military service men.

    The Armed Forces was a segregated instituition until then Pres. Hoover made formal changes to it. I refuse to use this forum prosyletize my views, but it is apparent the aforementioned writer is woefully mentally paralyzed in the '50's. While America strives to move forward, there will always be some "Amerikkklans" who will never outgrow their veiws which are dependent on class and/or color.

  85. 85
    ret.1SG.Mark Brewer says:

    My cousin was in the 92nd, 598th FA. that's field Artillery BN. He was the battery Commander a First Lt. His name was Garland A. Borden. He told me a storie about John R. Fox. and the event on Christmas day 1944 when the Germans trying to infortrate American lines.He was 89 yrs. when he told me this storie,with tear's in his eye's his voice was the last voice that John R. Fox heard.John R.Fox was the forward Observer and he to receive the congressional medal of Honor, much later like Vernont, Baker. My cousin passed away last year in Oct 13,2010 I wrote President Obama to wish him a happy birthday. Aug. the 13 was his Birthday He sent a letter to congratulate him on his service to his country and Happy Birthday. He died before he could see the letter. His body was donated to the University of Miami. R.I.P. He was a good man He retired a Lt.Col. in 1965 Submit by (ret.)
    1SG. Mark A. Brewer Newton N.C.

  86. 86

    [...] unit’s mascot was a buffalo on an olive background on a circular shoulder patch, and its official publication was [...]

  87. 87
    Calvin Bass says:

    Have photo of 92nd Div Adj Gen staff in Italy

    • 87.1
      Dennis Williams says:

      Hello Mr. Bass, I am very interested in your 92nd AG photo. I write about WWII and working on some projects. I've been looking for information on the HQ side of the 92nd. My email is dbw@ww2coldcases.com.

      Thanks,
      Dennis Williams

    • 87.2
      Joyce Mangum says:

      Please let me also know how to view the photo you have of the 92nd Div Adj Gen Staff. My father also served with the 92nd and passed away in 2000. His name was William A. Dobbs, and he was a Major. He had been assigned to the Division after being stationed in Columbus, Ohio, was at Ft Huachuca and Camp Polk, LA, as well as in Italy during the war. One of his assignments was to write the letters to family members reporting the death of their loved one. It took a huge emotional toll on him, and unfortunately would not speak of his assignment. I have some of his mementos of that time, and would like to see the families of the people mentioned in the documents receive copies. Please contact me thru this site, and we can discuss. Blessings to all of those who are working to keep the memories of their brave warriors alive, and provide us all more correct information about the 92nd. Thank You!

  88. 88
    Peter Hinds says:

    A youtube video tribute to,

    Soldiers of the 366th Infantry Regiment Killed in WWII 350 At Rest in Italy.

    at: hinds5045.

  89. 89
    John Dugger says:

    We now have a small 4×8 display at the NIM in Columbus Georgia, recognizing the 92nd Infantry, and their fighting in Italy. the picture is in the WW11 Gallery. it is small, so you have to look for it, it is located near the PO Valley display. Many people are supriseed when I point it out. It makes me feel good knowing its there Do I wishe it was larger anmore details provided ? Yes I do. we also have a video of Vernon Baker one of the Black Americans that was awarded the Medal of Honor. Mr Baker describes in his on words the diffuculties he had getting into the Army, he was told by one recruiter that the Army had enough of his kind and wasn't taking any more.Unfortunately Mr Baker died this past August 2011. He is also honered in the OCS hall of fame(Officer Canidate School).

  90. 90
    lloyd m.west of easley s.c.29640, says:

    dear all, i,am a ret.army borne ranger/delta force,need to know more about my uncle that inever knew,i have gotten as for as c.co 365 inf ww2 please help my family unstand more of my uncle lloyd m.west whom was killed in the big battle in italy…..thank john hendrix

  91. 91
    lloyd m.west of easley s.c.29640, says:

    92/365inf.charlie company.

  92. 92
    JOHN HENRY HENDRIX says:

    MY UNCLE LLOYD M. WEST WAS IN THE 92INF,365 FIELD ARTILLERY CHARLIE COMPANY, HE WAS KILL IN WWII, SOME AMERICAN JUST DON,T BELEIVE THAT BLACK WHERE IN THE BIG ONE IN 1944 IN ITALY, I NEED HELP FOR MY FAMILY TREE…THANK YOU ….CAPT,JOHN HENRY HENDRIX

  93. 93
    Bill Keuper says:

    I have some medals and pictures of a soldier in the 370th and I would like to know more about him. His last name is Weddle. I have framed two pictures of him together with his medals. Please let me know if you can help.

    Thanks

    • 93.1
      James Pratt says:

      Weddle, William R., Master Sergeant,
      Awared the Bronze Star Medal by General Order #73, 1945, 92nd Division

      • 93.1.1
        Bill Keuper says:

        Thanks

        Now I can try and get of copy of his draft registration and any other military records that are available.

  94. 94
    Robert Small, Jr says:

    I am looking for any information about my father Robert L. Small, who served in 371st. Infantry of the 92nd. He never talked about his experiences in the war and I didn't find out he was a member of the Buffalo Soldiers 92nd until his passing and saw him in uniform with the Buffalo Soldier patch on his ar. He was born in Georgia and raised as a young man in Newark, NJ. His job was medical assistant in the war. He was in the North Apennines and PG valley campaigns. The one thing I did hear him speak of was that during some combat action he carried a wounded soldier down a hill injuring his ankle. Until his passing in 2002 his left foot was twisted and he always had trouble walking, making frequent trips to th VA hospital. I am gathering information on him for a family book we are putting together. If anyone has any information or knew him please e-mail me. my address is coachbob2001@yahoo.com.
    As I read through the comments written about the 92nd I am humbled, proud and greatful for the service and sacrifice of all those brave men living and gone.
    Peace.

  95. 95
    James D. Woodland says:

    Leon Caldwell Chavous

    AIKEN, S.C. – Leon Cald-well Chavous was born on February 7, 1922 in Aiken, South Carolina to the late Oscar Chavous and Emma Craig Chavous. On Saturday evening January 14, 2012 he quietly passed away at his home surrounded by his family.

    Mr. Chavous relocated to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as a very young child in 1930. As a teenager, he attended St. Emma’s Military Academy and graduated in 1941 as Valedictorian of his class. Upon his graduation he enlisted into the United States Army in 1942 serving in both World War 11 and the Korean Conflict. He served with honor and distinction for 17 years, rose to the rank of Staff Sergeant, served as Master Chef, received 3 Bronze Stars for outstanding duty in Japan, New Guinea, Korea, and the Philippines.

    He earned the Good Conduct Medal, American Theater Service Medal, Meritorius Unit Award, the American Victory Award, and the Asia-Pacific Service Medal. Mr. Chavous was honorably discharged in 1959.

    During and after his military service, Leon embarked upon his lifelong passion of Culinary Arts. He became an accomplished chef and food preparation specialist and served as an on-call pastry Chef for the White House in Washington, DC. After leaving the Army, he taught at the Culinary Arts Institute of New York for several years and leaving that position to establish Leon’s Bakery and Deli in Lakeville, Connecticut. He was well known throughout the surrounding towns for his specialty cheese cakes, wedding cakes, and other elegant pastries. Later in his career he served as Chef at the premier Whitehorse Inn in Salisbury, Connecticut for many years. In 1991, he worked for Sizemore Security for Aiken Regional Medical Center as a shuttle driver.

    Mr. Chavous was married in holy matrimony in 1985 to Barbara Fisher of Sherman, Connecticut and they were together for 27 years. Through this union a new family was created which included one grandson, Kristofer Reichardt, whom he raised as his son; four step-sons: Rust Reic-hardt, Thomas Reichardt, Michael Reichardt, and Robert Fazekas.

    In 1991, Mr. Chavous along with his family, relocated back to Aiken, South Carolina to reunite with his family roots and community. He was preceded in death by his parents Oscar and Emma Chavous, five brothers; Leroy Chavous, Barney Oscar Chavous, Glenwood Chavous, Brinkley Chavous, McKinley Chavous, and a step-son, Rusty Reic-hardt.

    He leaves to cherish many precious memories: his wife Barbara Fisher Chavous, two grandsons, Kristofer Reic-hardt; and Jesse Reichardt, three stepsons Thomas (Ruth) Reichardt, Ward, SC; Michael (Karen) Warren, CT; Robert (Melisa) Fazekas, Aiken, SC. Three granddaughters, Cyn-thia Reichardt, Mary Fazekas and Taylor Fazekas; one great-granddaughter, Gracie Anna Temples.

    He also leaves to mourn his passing: one sister, Missouri Chavous Burnett, Newark, NJ; one sister-in-law, Mattie B. Chavous, Aiken, SC; two nieces, Sharon Chavous Wheeler, Eastville, VA, and Ann Chavous Cook, Augusta, GA.; four nephews, Jimmy Chavous, Aiken, SC; Elroy Chavous, Aiken, SC, Barney Chavous, Aiken, SC, Leroy Chavous, Jr, Clinton, NJ, and Jim Chavous, Philadelphia, PA; one god-child, William Blocker, Elgin, SC, and one god-daughter, Sharon Cha-vous Wheeler and a host of other great-nephews, nieces, extended family, and loving friends.

    Leon Caldwell Chavous will be remembered as a man of great kindness, discipline, and humility. He loved his family well and he will truly be missed. “I have fought a good fight. I have finished my course. I have kept the faith. 2 Timothy 4:7”

    A funeral mass will be held 11 AM Friday, January 20, 2012 at St. Mary Help of Christians Catholic Church. Burial will follow in the Chavous Family Cemetery, Graymare Hollow Rd, Aiken.

    Visitation at the funeral home will be held Thursday from 4 PM – 7 PM with Rosary at 6:30 PM.

    Jackson-Brooks Funeral Home, 126 Fairfield Street, SE, Aiken, SC 29801

  96. 96
    Moe henderson says:

    I'am a Vietnam vet and my father served in WWII Itatly.he was wound there and received the bronze star and silver star,
    Outside of the purple heart.if anyone knows of my father William(bill) Henderson please let me know.he didn't tell about the war,neither did I until these outreach center came about.there was was no help for our WWII veterans.

  97. 97
    Wesley L. Henderson says:

    I am a Vietnam Vet and i would like to travel to Italy on the places that the 92nd travel. I request information that i may plan a trip of The Buffalo Soldiers fought.

  98. 98
    Gordon Cohn says:

    Black Warriors: The Buffalo Soldiers of World War II has been published by Ivan J. Houston. Mr. Houston served in the 3rd Battalion of the 370th Regiment of the 92nd Division in Italy from August 1944-May 1945. His book is available from Amazon.com. Mr. Houston is 86, vigorous, and active and speaking of his experiences in person and on radio across the United States. His story is true. Miracle at St. Anna is fiction.

  99. 99
    Gordon Cohn says:

    In reply to Mr. John Hendrix, we have no specific picture of the 365th Regiment of the 92nd Division. All photos of the 92nd that we were able to find through the National Archives appear in Ivan J. Houston's book, Black Warriors: The Buffalo Soldiers of World War II.

  100. 100
    Faith DeVeaux says:

    Re: Mr. Hendrix

    I did a search, too, and didn't find any pictures. However, there is some information on a few men who were in the 365th:

    William Stephenson was honored, and an article was written about him: http://www.bsmcjaxfl.com/VetsOfHonor.html

    Joe Stephenson was an officer and did a video oral history:
    http://www.aacvr-germany.org/AACVR.ORG/index.php?Itemid=48&id=4&option=com_content&view=article#12

  101. 101

    [...] to the 92nd Division, which was all black. You can read about the exploits of the 92nd here African American 92nd Infantry Division Fought in Italy During World War II. I never heard of black units as part of others before. "Faint heart never won fair [...]

  102. 102
    Erick F Williams Sr says:

    My father would tell me all the stores of NY city shipping to Africa,

    fighting in Italy and returning home. After All this time the story is being

    told.

  103. 103
  104. 104
    JoeH says:

    Colonel (Ret.) Nicholas Piccione passed away in Dallas, TX on June 7, 2012, just months shy of his 100th birthday. He was a brave man and served his country proudly.

  105. 105
    JAMES WALLS says:

    Iwould like to receive news about sgt James Walls (Memphis Tenn)who fought in Livorno 07 1944 08 1945
    Probably he saved my life.
    Tahnks and regards

  106. 106
    JAMES WALLS says:

    Please I would like news about sgt James Walls who fought in Italy (Leghorn) during the WWII.
    All I remember about him he was born in Memphis (Tenn) 1914.
    Thanks and regards

  107. 107
    Paolo says:

    Hi everybody

    anyone interested to share information about 92nd. Div. operation in Tuscany, Italy can keep in touch with me. I live quite close to the places where they Buffaloes fought and rest. So pictures and details about living of your relatives here in Tuscany during WWII are really welcome!! My email address is: jeanpaul01@libero.it

    Thanks a all my best to all of you here…

    Paolo

  108. 108
    Robert says:

    Is there a list of members assigned to the 92nd?

  109. 109
    Alan Schlie says:

    Kathleen Duhl, there is a fantastic website for the 317th Engineers, mostly from their time in Germany from 1950s to 1990s. The also have a huge facebook page that you can join. If you desire to share your Father's stories I know that everybody on both the web site and the Facebook page would love to hear them! i really mean it! Please put some stuff out there. I am desperately looking for more detailled information on the 317th during their time in Italy during WWII…or any time actually. Pictures, dates, names, activities…I, we (the facebook/website) will take everything you desire to share. It really is hard to find 317th stuff unless we talk amongst ourselves. Please join us.
    One of the 317th's former commanders, LTC Niclaus Manitsas, is also a retired general living in McLean, VA. I was his driver at one time, 1966.

  110. 110
    Rod Grimes says:

    I put together a Video on Youtube of my Great Uncle Charlie Wycoff and the 92nd Buffalo, 371st Infantry – just click on the link below. The large group photo sits behind a clear plastic covering (was clear 70 years ago), and that's why some of the photo's are blurry. At some point I will try to have that plastic removed.

    1st Sgt Charlie Wycoff & the 92nd Buffalo 371st Infantry…

  111. 111
    Rod Grimes says:

    Here is a link to the photo I have of the 92nd Buffalo, 371st Infantry Division.

    It available on Youtube – just click on the link below. I hope it is helpful to you.

    Sincerely

    Rod Grimes
    rlgrime@gmail.com

    1st Sgt Charlie Wycoff & the 92nd Buffalo 371st Infantry..

  112. 112
    Rod Grimes says:

    Here is a link to the photo I have of the 92nd Buffalo, 371st Infantry Division.

    It available on Youtube – just click on the link below. I hope it is helpful to you.

    Sincerely

    Rod Grimes
    rlgrime@gmail.com

    1st Sgt Charlie Wycoff & the 92nd Buffalo 371st Infantry..

  113. 113
    Rod Grimes says:

    email me or go to youtube and look for 1st Sgt Charlie Wycoff and the 92nd Infantry. Thanks

    1st Sgt Charlie Wycoff & the 92nd Buffalo 371st Infantry..

  114. 114
    Rod Grimes says:

    go to Youtube and click on

    1st Sgt Charlie Wycoff & the 92nd Buffalo 371st Infantry..

    Thanks

    Rod Grimes
    rlgrime@gmail.com

  115. 115
    James Pratt says:

    Joyce Mangum,

    I have been assembling information on soldiers of the 366th Infantry Regiment who gave their lives in WWII. The 366th was not an organic unit of the 92nd, but was attached to the 92nd from Nov 1944 – Mar 1945. Over 200 366th soldiers lost their lives. Did Maj Dobss write letters to these families as well? I have some information about them.

    James Pratt
    jamesepratt.jep3@gmail.com

    • 115.1
      Joyce Mangum says:

      I don't know, but I'm hoping that someone participating in this group will be able to provide some clues, or give me some ideas of where to check Army records for further information or copies of those documents…I'll keep looking for you. Would you have any ideas?

  116. 116
    Joyce Mangum says:

    Thank you, Faith–I will. Actually, my Dad worked at the Archives after the War. What a coincidence! jm

  117. 117
  118. 118
    paolo says:

    Hi
    i'd like to know where it's possible o find photos of the Buffalo division in Liguria
    Thanks
    ciao
    p

  119. 119
    Faith DeVeaux says:

    I don't know who you are, or what history you're reading. Don't forget, blacks were never to be educated dating back to slavery times. My own grandfather, who had a stellar career in the military starting in 1938, was initially rejected due to quotas.

    From my research and interviews done for my upcoming WWII documentary, black soldiers were spied upon, given substandard food and living conditions where they were stationed, disrespected by white soldiers and civilians, and not given credit for their valor and contributions. When the U.S. first entered the war, there was a movement on to not fight for this country at all. I saw an article from a newspaper that suggested military leaders wanted black soldiers to pick cotton. Absolutely shameful. Yes, there were mutinies, because the men didn't want to be treated this way.

    You definitely need to read the papers of Truman Gibson, the Civilian Aide to the Secretary of War during WWII, who incidentally helped write the military desegregation order. He conducted investigations on these allegations, and found them to be false. He conducted press interviews back then in the 1940's to address them. If you need accurate reporting of the 92nd, contact the Fort Huachuca museum in Arizona.

  120. 120
    Joyce Mangum says:

    Although my father held Adj. General Hqs. assignments throughout his Army career, I'm not sure who his direct supervisors in the 92nd were. I've started researching, so would be interested if you hold any information that might connect him to what you are looking for. He was William Dobbs, either a Captain or a Major at the time. He was in Viareggio and Genoa, and also trained soldiers at Ft. Huachuca and Camp Polk, LA. He mentioned General Almond at times when I could get him to talk about the War. Please e-mail me thru this site if you would like to share the information you have. Thanks!

  121. 121
    Debora Gittens says:

    If this is still active, I'd like to introduce my father to you. He just celebrated his 100th birthday. He was a white officer of the 370th that fought in Italy. It would be good for him to connect with any remaining soldiers of that era.

    • 121.1
      Joyce Mangum says:

      Debora, thank you for your reply. How wonderful that your father is still living! My dad, William Albert Dobbs, passed away in 2000, at 89. Please let him know that I'm sure he would have liked to congratulate your father on a long life, and would have surely wanted to re-connect with him. I'm still researching to locate information about my dad's service, but I do know that he also received the Bronze Star, and that he did know Gen. Clark. I hope we can both find out more…if you can talk with your father, please learn all you can, for our history's sake. Please let me hear more from you. Thanks again, jm

  122. 122
    aldo says:

    Debora, I was living in Lucca during the war and am 84 years old. I was wondering if your dad was there. I wrote a long poem about the wartime in Lucca and then the German occupation and the liberation by the buffulo Soldiers. I could make a copy if your dad would be interested.
    Best wishes to him may I live as long!
    aldo

    • 122.1
      Debora Gittens says:

      Aldo, I am very certain my father would love a copy of your poem! That is wonderful, to have such a memory of your time in IItaly. Yes, my father was in Lucca. I will have to read through his notes to find his experience there. My brother just visited your home country a month ago, to follow my father's "trail" up through Italy. My brother found the people of Pisa, Messa, Lucca, and Genoa wonderful people, who welcomed him (along with all his questions). My brother took written material over to Italy to be translated. One item was his orders to proceed to Austria after liberation. My father was in Genoa when Christopher Columbus' ashes were returned to the people by the American soldiers. He was a photographer of this event and the picture is in the war diary of the campaign. My email is: dgittens@Rochester.RR.com. Please email me & I will send you his name and address. What an honor to see your letter.

  123. 123
    Debora Gittens says:

    Mr. Huff, are you interested in connecting with a vet of the 92nd Infantry, 370th Regiment? He is still living at 100, and may be able to relate familiarity with your command. He was an officer in Italy, in MI, moving up the country of Italy thru Verragio, Pisa, Lucca, Messa and other towns I'd have to look up. After liberation he went on to serve in Austria. He served a total of 19 months in Europe and was recalled for the Korean War. My email is: dgittens@Rochester.RR.com.

  124. 124
    Jeannie Scarber says:

    92nd Division
    I am doing a project finding and researching the WWI veterans that are buried in Tucson. I have found over 2,000. I know this is about the 92nd during WWII, but WWII is just a continuation of the Great War.

    I recently posted a photo of the grave marker on \The Great War Doughboy Search:Tucson and WWI\ of :
    CORP. J WESLEY REED,
    WWI 92nd BUFFALO DIV.
    IN FRANCE
    1893 – 1995.
    It has the image of a purple heart on the grave marker. I would love to know more about this man.

    There are others from the 92nd and 93rd Infantry, and the 9th and 10th Cavalry.

  125. 125
    B. COOPER says:

    We know that before, during, and after WWII African-Americans suffered discrimination in every area of American life; education, health, and the opportunity for employment/advancement were limited, if any. The military was no exception.

    The education and training of the African-American soldier was influenced and dictated by America's practice of discrimination and racism; under these conditions the soldiers of the 92nd Infantry made their contributions and fought for a country where they COULDN'T VOTE! Let's pretend that these conditions didn't exist; would there be a need to wonder about their CONTRIBUTIONS! How is that for rewriting history; THEY would have received the same training, treatment, respect and support (maybe better record keeping) as any unit.



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