Today in History: November 9

Today in History:November 9

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November 8 November 10


Napoleon Bonaparte participates in a coup and declares himself dictator of France.


The first U.S. Post Office in California opens in San Francisco at Clay and Pike streets. At the time there are only about 15,000 European settlers living in the state.


Russia completes its occupation of Manchuria.


President Theodore Roosevelt leaves Washington, D.C., for a 17-day trip to Panama and Puerto Rico, becoming the first president to make an official visit outside of the United States.


The Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney wrecks the German cruiser Emden, forcing her to beach on a reef on North Keeling Island in the Indian Ocean.


Germany is proclaimed a republic as the kaiser abdicates and flees to the Netherlands.


Japanese troops invade Shanghai, China.


Nazis kill 35 Jews, arrest thousands and destroy Jewish synagogues, homes and stores throughout Germany. The event becomes known as Kristallnacht, the night of the shattered glass.


Roger Allen LaPorte, a 22-year-old former seminarian and a member of the Catholic worker movement, immolates himself at the United Nations in New York City in protest of the Vietnam War.


Nine Northeastern states and parts of Canada go dark in the worst power failure in history, when a switch at a station near Niagara Falls fails.


NASA launches Apollo 4 into orbit with the first successful test of a Saturn V rocket.


Bones discovered by the Leakeys push human origins back 1 million years.


Alfred Heineken, beer brewer from Amsterdam, is kidnapped and held for a ransom of more than $10 million.


The Berlin Wall is opened after dividing the city for 28 years.


Stari Most, a 427-year-old bridge in the city of Mostar in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is destroyed, believed to be caused by artillery fire from Bosnian Croat forces.


The chemical element Darmstadtium, a radioactive synthetic element, discovered by scientists in Darmstadt, Germany.


Largest civil settlement in US history: 37 brokerage houses are ordered to pay $1.3 billion to NASDAQ investors to compensate for price fixing.


German Bundestag passes controversial bill mandating storage of citizens' telecommunications traffic date for six months without probable cause.