Today in History: March 23

Today in History: March 23

Pick a day:

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1657

France and England form an alliance against Spain.

1743

Handel's Messiah is performed for the first time in London.

1775

American revolutionary hero Patrick Henry, while addressing the House of Burgesses, declares "give me liberty, or give me death!"

1791

Etta Palm, a Dutch champion of woman's rights, sets up a group of women's clubs called the Confederation of the Friends of Truth.

1848

Hungary proclaims its independence of Austria.

1857

Elisha Otis installs the first modern passenger elevator in a public building, at the corner of Broome Street and Broadway in New York City.

1858

Eleazer A. Gardner of Philadelphia patents the cable street car, which runs on overhead cables.

1880

John Stevens of Neenah, Wis., patents the grain crushing mill. This mill allows flour production to increase by 70 percent.

1901

A group of U.S. Army soldiers, led by Brigadier General Frederick Funston, capture Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Philippine Insurrection of 1899.

1903

The Wright brothers obtain an airplane patent.

1909

Theodore Roosevelt begins an African safari sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.

1909

British Lt. Ernest Shackleton finds the magnetic South Pole.

1917

Austrian Emperor Charles I makes a peace proposal to French President Poincare.

1920

Great Britain denounces the United States because of its delay in joining the League of Nations.

1921

Arthur G. Hamilton sets a new parachute record, safely jumping 24,400 feet.

1927

Captain Hawthorne Gray sets a new balloon record soaring to 28,510 feet.

1933

The Reichstag gives Adolf Hitler the power to rule by decree.

1942

The Japanese occupy the Anadaman Islands in the Indian Ocean.

1951

U.S. paratroopers descend from flying boxcars in a surprise attack in Korea.

1956

Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic, although it is still within the British Commonwealth.

1967

Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. calls the Vietnam War the biggest obstacle to the civil rights movement.

1970

Mafia boss Carlo Gambino is arrested for plotting to steal $3 million.

1972

The United States calls a halt to the peace talks on Vietnam being held in Paris.

1981

U.S. Supreme Court upholds a law making statutory rape a crime for men but not women.