Today in History: March 14

Today in History: March 14

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1629

A Royal charter is granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1743

First American town meeting is held at Boston's Faneuil Hall.

1757

British Admiral John Byng is executed by a firing squad on board HMS Monarch for neglect of duty.

1794

Inventor Eli Whitney receives a patent for his cotton gin.

1900

United States currency goes on the gold standard.

1903

The Senate ratifies the Hay-Herran Treaty, guaranteeing the United States the right to build a canal in Panama.

1912

An anarchist named Antonio Dalba unsuccessfully attempts to kill Italy's King Victor Emmanuel III in Rome.

1915

The British Navy sinks the German battleship Dresden off the Chilean coast.

1918

An all-Russian Congress of Soviets ratifies a peace treaty with the Central Powers.

1923

President Warren G. Harding becomes the first U.S. President to file an income tax report.

1936

Adolf Hitler tells a crowd of 300,000 that Germany's only judge is God and itself.

1939

The Nazis dissolve the republic of Czechoslovakia.

1943

The Germans reoccupy Kharkov in the Soviet Union.

1947

The United States signs a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.

1951

U.N. forces recapture Seoul for the second time during the Korean War.

1954

The Viet Minh launch an assault against the French Colonial Forces at Dien Bien Phu.

1964

A Dallas jury finds Jack Ruby guilty of the murder of assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.

1967

John F. Kennedy's body is moved from a temporary grave to a permanent one in Arlington Cemetery.

1978

An Israeli force of 22,000 invades south Lebanon, hitting the PLO bases.

1990

Mikhail S. Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress.

1991

The "Birmingham Six," imprisoned for 16 years for their alleged part in an IRA pub bombing, are set free after a court agrees that the police fabricated evidence.