Representatives from three Connecticut towns band together to write the Fundamental Orders, the first constitution in the New World.
Czar Peter the Great caps his reforms in Russia with the "Table of Rank" which decrees a commoner can climb on merit to the highest positions.
Gold is discovered by James Wilson Marshall at his partner Johann August Sutter's sawmill on the South Fork of the American River, near Coloma, California.
U.S. Secretary of State John Hay and British Ambassador Herbert create a joint commission to establish the Alaskan border.
U.S. Cavalry is sent to preserve the neutrality of the Rio Grande during the Mexican Civil War.
The League of Nations rebukes Poland for the mistreatment of a German minority in Upper Silesia.
A draft of Air Force history reports that the U.S. secretly sprayed herbicides on Laos during the Vietnam War.