Today in History: February 3

Today in History: February 3

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February 2 February 4

1160

Emperor Frederick Barbarossa hurtles prisoners, including children, at the Italian city of Crema, forcing its surrender.

1238

The Mongols take over Vladimir, Russia.

1690

The first paper money in America is issued in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1783

Spain recognizes United States' independence.

1904

Colombian troops clash with U.S. Marines in Panama.

1908

The U.S. Supreme Court rules that union-sponsored boycotts are illegal, and applies the Sherman Antitrust Act to labor as well as capital.

1912

New U.S. football rules are set: field shortened to 100 yds.; touchdown counts six points instead of five; four downs are allowed instead of three; and the kickoff is moved from midfield to the 40 yd. line.

1917

A German submarine sinks the U.S. liner Housatonic off coast of Sicily. The United States severs diplomatic relations with Germany.

1920

The Allies demand that 890 German military leaders stand trial for war crimes.

1927

President Calvin Coolidge signs a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission to regulate the airwaves.

1943

Finland begins talks with the Soviet Union.

1944

The United States shells the Japanese homeland for the first time at Kurile Islands.

1945

The Allies drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin.

1945

The month-long Battle of Manila begins.

1954

Millions greet Queen Elizabeth in Sydney on her first royal trip to Australia.

1962

President John F. Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba.

1966

Soviet Luna 9 achieves soft landing on the moon.

1971

OPEC decides to set oil prices without consulting buyers.

1984

The Environmental Protection Agency orders a ban on the pesticide EDB for grain products.