Oliver Cromwell takes on dictatorial powers with the title of "Lord Protector."
To protest the tax on tea from England, a group of young Americans, disguised as Indians, throw chests of tea from British ships in Boston Harbor.
A fire in New York City destroys property estimated to be worth $20,000,000. It lasts two days, ravages 17 blocks, and destroys 674 buildings including the Stock Exchange, Merchants' Exchange, Post Office, and the South Dutch Church.
Union forces under General George H. Thomas win the battle at Nashville, smashing an entire Confederate army.
Germany mounts a major offensive in the Ardennes Forest in Belgium. As the center of the Allied line falls back, it creates a bulge, leading to the name--the Battle of the Bulge.
President Harry Truman declares a state of National Emergency as Chinese communists invade deeper into South Korea.
The United States launches a missile attack on Iraq for failing to comply with United Nations weapons inspectors.