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On This Day In History. What Happened Today In History

What Happened This Day In History.

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

  • 2016

    Today in History December 13

    1789   The National Guard is created in France.
    1812   The last remnants of Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand Armeé reach the safety of Kovno, Poland, after the failed Russian campaign. Napoleon's costly retreat from Moscow
    1814   General Andrew Jackson announces martial law in New Orleans, Louisiana, as British troops disembark at Lake Borne, 40 miles east of the city. The Battle of New Orleans
    1862   The Battle of Fredericksburg ends with the bloody slaughter of onrushing Union troops at Marye's Heights. Maine's Colonel Chamberlain at Marye's Heights.
    1902   The Committee of Imperial Defense holds its first meeting in London.
    1908   The Dutch take two Venezuelan Coast Guard ships.
    1937   The Japanese army occupies Nanking, China. Boeing's Trailblazing P-26 Peashooters.
    1940   Adolf Hitler issues preparations for Operation Martita, the German invasion of Greece.
    1941   British forces launch an offensive in Libya.
    1945   France and Britain agree to quit Syria and Lebanon.
    1951   After meeting with FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, President Harry S Truman vows to purge all disloyal government workers.
    1968   President Lyndon B. Johnson and Mexico's President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz meet on a bridge at El Paso, Texas, to officiate at ceremonies returning the long-disputed El Chamizal area to the Mexican side of the border.
    1972   Astronaut Gene Cernan climbs into his lunar lander on the moon and prepares to lift off. He is the last man to set foot on the moon.
    1973   Great Britain cuts the work week to three days to save energy.
    1981   Polish labor leader Lech Walesa is arrested and the government decrees martial law, restricting civil rights and suspending operation of the independent trade union Solidarity.
    1985   France sues the United States over the discovery of an AIDS serum.
    2001   Terrorists attach the Parliament of India Sansad; 15 people are killed, including the terrorists
    2003   Deposed Iraqi President Saddam Hussein captured; he is found hiding in near his home town of Tikrit.

    Born on December 13
    1585   William Drummond, Scottish poet.
    1797   Heinrich Heine, German poet, satirist and journalist.
    1818   Mary Todd Lincoln, wife of President Abraham Lincoln.
    1835   Phillips Brooks, Episcopal clergyman who wrote the lyrics for "O Little Town of Bethlehem."
    1838   Alexis Millardet, botanist who developed the first successful fungicide.
    1890   Marc Connelly, playwright, actor, director and journalist (The Green Pastures).
    1911   Kenneth Patchen, American poet and author (Before the Brave, Hurrah for Anything).
    1923   Sir Terence Beckett, director-general of the Confederation of British Industry (1980–1987).
    1923   Phillip Anderson, physicist.
    1925   Dick Van Dyke, actor, singer, producer; (The Dick Van Dyke TV series, Mary Poppins).
    1934   Richard D. Zanuck, film producer; won Academy Award for Best Picture in 1989 (Driving Miss Daisy).
    1948   Jeff Baxter, musician with Steely Dan and The Doobie Brothers bands.
    1948   Ted Nugent, singer, songwriter, musician, actor.
    1954   John Anderson, country singer, musician.
    1967   Jamie Foxx, actor, singer.
    1989   Taylor Swift, multiple award-winning crossover country singer, actress; youngest-ever Country Music Association Entertainer of the Year and youngest artist ever to win an Album of the Year Grammy.