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Facts, information and articles about Tecumseh, a Native American Indian Chief from the Wild West

Tecumseh Facts


March 1768





Wars Fought

War of 1812



Tecumseh Articles

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Tecumseh summary: Tecumseh was a Native American chief of the Shawnee tribe. He was born in 1768 in Ohio. His father was killed in 1774 by white men who were violating a treaty by coming on Shawnee land. Tecumseh decided at that time to become a warrior and defend his land and people. At the age of 15, he became part of a band of warriors who protected invasion of their land by attacking flatboats that were traveling from Pennsylvania via the Ohio River. Tecumseh and his family moved multiple times due to having their village raided by George Rogers Clark and his men.

The Shawnee tribe joined with British forces during the American Revolution, pitting them against Clark. In 1808, Tecumseh became the leader of a confederation made up of various tribes. He had a vision of uniting the tribes against the Americans and forming an Independent Nation of Native Americans East of the Mississippi. It was known as Tecumseh’s Confederacy and was involved in both the War of 1812 and Tecumseh’s War. Tecumseh worked hard to bring more tribes into the confederacy.

In 1809, Tecumseh opposed the Treaty of Fort Wayne that had been signed by assorted Native American chiefs. The treaty gave to the white men three million acres of land owned by Native Americans. Tecumseh again joined with British troops fighting against the Americans in the War of 1812. In 1813, Tecumseh was killed during the Battle of Thames that took place in Canada. Shortly thereafter, Tecumseh’s tribe surrendered to American troops.


Articles Featuring Tecumseh From History Net Magazines

War of 1812: Detroit ShowdownIn 1812, brash young British commander Isaac Brock took on the aging American hero William Hull. One of them earned victory laurels, the other a death sentence.
Hard War on the Southern PlainsThis story about Sherman's post-Civil War Indian campaign just won a top award from Army Historical Foundation
Unknown Soldier: Manning Ferguson Force, the Hero of AtlantaHow a bookish Ohio attorney inspired a Union stand against a furious Confederate assault
A History of U.S. Military ManhuntsThe Osama bin Laden manhunt was just one of nearly a dozen in U.S. military history
Wounds from the Washita: The Major Elliott AffairThe death of popular 7th U.S. Cavalry officer Major Joel Elliott at the 1868 Battle of the Washita—and Lt. Col. George Custer's response to it—spawned disunity within the ill-starred unit
Decision at The Battle of Five Forks - 1865

The headstrong Gen. Philip Sheridan (left) had little patience for the careful battle tactics of Gen. Gouverneur Warren (right) and replaced him at Five Forks. But in 1880 Sheridan would be forced to justify his actions before a court of …

Billy the Kid and the U.S. Marshals ServiceDeputy U.S. marshals served on both sides during the Lincoln County War, and for a short time, in February 1878, William Bonney served as a federally deputized posseman.

By David S. Turk

War of 1812: Battle of the ThamesA rare American land victory in the War of 1812, the Battle of the Thames helped the winning commander -- William Henry Harrison -- to the presidency and deprived the Indians of one of their greatest leaders -- Shawnee Chief Tecumseh.

By William Francis Freehoff

War of 1812: Corps of Canadian VoyageursThe Corps of Canadian Voyageurs maintained Britain's frontier during the War of 1812.
War of 1812: Battle of Lake Erie -- Oliver Perry PrevailsWith Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry's flagship unable to fight, an outmatched British flotilla faced the prospect of a remarkable victory. But Perry only transferred his pennant to another ship and fought on.
Battle of Champion's HillWith Ulysses S. Grant's army steadily menacing Vicksburg, Confederate General John Pemberton left the town's comforting defenses to seek out the enemy army. Too late, he found it, at Champion's Hill.
Kit Carson: The Legendary Frontiersman Remains an American HeroThe small but courageous adventurer made his mark on the frontier as a mountain man, guide, scout, Indian fighter and Indian protector.
Tecumseh, Red Cloud and Sitting Bull: Three Great Indian LeadersDiplomacy, courage and charisma were among the attributes of this trio of great Indian leaders.
War of 1812: Battle of Lake Erie: Oliver Perry's Miraculous VictoryWith Oliver Hazard Perry's flagship dead in the water, the British had apparently won the 1813 Battle of Lake Erie. But then the quick-thinking American commander turned the tables and snatched an astounding victory in the bloodiest naval fight of the War of 1812.
War of 1812: Turning Point at Fort MeigsAfter a succession of disasters, Maj. Gen. William Henry Harrison's stand along the Maumee River became a turning point in the War of 1812 on the Northwestern frontier.
Book Review: Atlas of Military Strategy: The Art, Theory and Practice of War 1618-1878 (by David G. Chandler) : MH

Atlas of Military Strategy: The Art, Theory and Practice of War 1618-1878, by David G. Chandler, Arms and Armour Press, Sterling Publishing Co., New York, 1998, $24.95.

William Tecumseh Sherman once wrote: "The knowledge of geography in its greatest detail …

Book Review: The Encyclopedia of Native American Biography: Six Hundred Life Stories of Important People, From Powhatan to Wilma Mankiller (by Bruce E. Johansen and Donald A. Grinde, Jr.) : WW

The Encyclopedia of Native American Biography: Six Hundred Life Stories of Important People, From Powhatan to Wilma Mankiller, by Bruce E. Johansen and Donald A. Grinde, Jr., Da Capo Press, New York, 1998, $22.50 paper.

Among the 600 life …

Book Review: Custer, Cody & The Last Indian Wars: A Pictorial History (Jay Kimmel) : WW

Two of the most famous figures of the Old West, George Armstrong Custer and William F. ("Buffalo Bill") Cody, were alsotwo of the most photographed individuals of their time. So …

Book Review: TECUMSEH: A LIFE (by John Sugden) : AH

TECUMSEH: A LIFE, by John Sugden, Henry Holt & Co., 492 pages, $34.95.

This masterful study of the life of the Shawnee leader Tecumseh–based on more than 30 years of exhaustive research in archives in Canada, Great Britain, and the …

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