Facts, information and articles about Tecumseh, a Native American Indian Chief from the Wild West
War of 1812
Explore articles from the History Net archives about Tecumseh
» See all Tecumseh Articles
Tecumseh summary: Tecumseh was a Native American chief of the Shawnee tribe. He was born in 1768 in Ohio. His father was killed in 1774 by white men who were violating a treaty by coming on Shawnee land. Tecumseh decided at that time to become a warrior and defend his land and people. At the age of 15, he became part of a band of warriors who protected invasion of their land by attacking flatboats that were traveling from Pennsylvania via the Ohio River. Tecumseh and his family moved multiple times due to having their village raided by George Rogers Clark and his men.
The Shawnee tribe joined with British forces during the American Revolution, pitting them against Clark. In 1808, Tecumseh became the leader of a confederation made up of various tribes. He had a vision of uniting the tribes against the Americans and forming an Independent Nation of Native Americans East of the Mississippi. It was known as Tecumseh’s Confederacy and was involved in both the War of 1812 and Tecumseh’s War. Tecumseh worked hard to bring more tribes into the confederacy.
In 1809, Tecumseh opposed the Treaty of Fort Wayne that had been signed by assorted Native American chiefs. The treaty gave to the white men three million acres of land owned by Native Americans. Tecumseh again joined with British troops fighting against the Americans in the War of 1812. In 1813, Tecumseh was killed during the Battle of Thames that took place in Canada. Shortly thereafter, Tecumseh’s tribe surrendered to American troops.