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Queen Victoria Dies
Queen Victoria, monarch of Great Britain and Ireland and Empress of India, died on January 22, 1901, after presiding over her vast empire for nearly 64 years–the longest reign in British history. Born in 1819, the only child of George III’s fourth son, Victoria became queen in 1837. In 1840, she married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Although the match was a political one, the two were devoted to each other, having nine children before Albert’s death in 1861. Through dynastic marriages, Victoria’s descendants are connected to almost all 20th-century Europe’s royal houses. During Victoria’s long reign the monarchy lost much of its political power to Parliament, but she was the beloved symbol of the Victorian Era–a golden age of British history.

Image: Library of Congress