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Webley & Scott Mk VI Revolver: The British Officer’s Man-Stopper of Choice

By Jon Guttman 
Originally published by Military History magazine. Published Online: July 03, 2013 
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Adopted by the British army in 1915, the Mk VI was intended as an officer's close-in weapon during the seesaw trench warfare of World War I. (Illustration by Gregory Proch)
Adopted by the British army in 1915, the Mk VI was intended as an officer's close-in weapon during the seesaw trench warfare of World War I. (Illustration by Gregory Proch)

Birmingham-based P. Webley & Son conceived this most quintessentially British of revolvers in the 1870s, when officers purchased their own personal sidearms. Not until 1887 did the British army officially adopt the top-break, double-action design as the Webley Mk I. Other models soon followed. In 1897 the company merged with W&C Scott & Sons to become Webley & Scott Revolver & Arms Co.

Using a.455-caliber round with a relatively slow muzzle velocity of 620 feet per second, the Webley was not, nor was it meant to be, a long-range firearm. But if an enemy charge came too close, requiring an officer to draw his pistol, it had devastating man-stopping power. In 1913 the army adopted the Mk V, which introduced smokeless cordite ammunition and featured a wider, case-hardened cylinder to withstand the more potent round—just in time for World War I.

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The ultimate wartime Webley, adopted by the army on May 24, 1915, was the Mk VI, with a squared-off grip, 6-inch barrel and removable front sight. An optional shoulder stock turned the revolver into a carbine, and the phenomenon of trench raiding prompted the design of a bayonet for the pistol.

Webley & Scott manufactured the revolver until 1923, the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield Lock from 1921–26. Together the firms turned out some 125,000 Mk VIs. Though declared obsolete in 1932 and replaced by the .38-caliber Enfield No. 2 Mk I revolver, the familiar .455 Webley remained the favored sidearm of many British officers through World War II, the last models finally being retired in 1947.

4 Responses to “Webley & Scott Mk VI Revolver: The British Officer’s Man-Stopper of Choice”

  1. 1
    Rich AZ says:

    I recall seeing as a boy some version of this revolver being sold as military surplus in small column ads of \Adventure\ magazines of the 1950's for about $30. Recall that Lee Harvey Oswald (JFK's killer) bought his WW! rifle from a mail-order ad placed by Klein's Sporting Goods of Chicago. Oswald paid about $30 for a souped-up version.

  2. 2
    "gunner" says:

    an excellent piece, with a fine illustration of the mkVI. i've owned the mark 1, mk2, mk4 .38 and mk6 as well as the enfield .38, both converted to .45 acp, using the \half moon clips\ and reloaded .455 cartridges, all were good stout and solid guns. one mark 1 even survived a defective \squib load\ stuck in the barrel and pushed out by the following bullet in a rapid fire string, suffering only a bulged barrrel. not bad for a century old revolver.

  3. 3
    "gunner" says:

    add: both the webley mk4 .38 and enfield .38 will safely use u.s. commercial .38 s&w cartridges (NOT .38 special), though the brits used a heavier bullet than the u.s. commercial manufacture. i've fired the u.s. made .38 s&w (a.k.a. \.38 short\) in both revolvers with no problems. note also, under \lend lease\ smith & wesson made a number of their model 10 revolvers chambered for the .38 s&w \short\/.38 enfield cartridge for the british during world war 2, as also did colt with their \police\ model.

  4. 4
    mark p says:

    was wondering if anybody had any info on the speed loader for the webley , i recently picked on up and its all intact in pristine condition also has the ammo and leather case

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