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Ancient History

  • MHQ Magazine

    Marathon Men

    The conventional wisdom is that the Athenians at the Battle of Marathon were amateur soldiers who won by chance. In reality, they were the Israel Defense Force of their day—smart, highly trained, and merciless. Before dawn on September...

  • MHQ Magazine

    The Greatest Ancient Leader

    When Theodore Ayrault Dodge, the American Civil War historian known for his love of the ancient generals, dubbed Alexander, Hannibal, and Caesar “great captains” in 1889, imperial ambition was some- thing to be admired. Today, after...

  • Military History Magazine

    Decisions: Roman Folly at Edessa

    Treachery has often had a decisive impact on military operations. Great generals have founded tactical and even strategic plans upon it—and with good reason. Assassinations, betrayals and defections, if timed properly, can turn the...

  • Military History Magazine

    The Persian Fallacy

    In the hit fantasy action film 300 the valiant Greeks defending the pass at Thermopylae in 480 BC are portrayed as the epitome of heroic manliness. Their Persian opponents, on the other hand, are depicted as effeminate slaves led by...

  • HistoryNet

    Greek Hoplites, 700-300 B.C.

    These citizen-soldiers of ancient Greece were nearly unstoppable. Greek hoplites were infantry warriors who carried shields, were primarily armed with spears, and fought in the disciplined ranks of a phalanx formation – a solid mass of...

  • HistoryNet

    Rome’s Parthian War, A.D. 161-166

    Old enemies battled in the ancient Middle East. Roman emperor Antoninus Pius (reigned A.D. 138-161) made sure his heirs stayed in Rome under his watchful eye. Thus both of his adoptive sons, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, achieved...

  • HistoryNet

    The First Aryan Blitzkrieg

    Over three millennia before Hitler’s “lightning warfare,” chariot-borne Aryan warriors overran the ancient world. The chariots of Mursilis I, grandson of the Hittite Empire’s founder, were nearing the end of their raid that had...

  • HistoryNet

    The Fall of Elam, 645 B.C.

    Assyrians obliterated the troublesome kingdom in present-day Iran. Twenty-first century Iran exasperates its neighbors and defies the world’s major powers with its outrageous and often belligerent behavior. Yet over 2,600 years ago the...

  • HistoryNet

    The Great Siege of Jerusalem

    Roman legions crush The Zealots’ Revolt. Religious extremists within a traditional society in the Middle East rebel against powerful Western influences the fanatics view as threatening their faith. The society itself is torn between...

  • MHQ Magazine

    Alexander the Monster

    Historians say the battlefield atrocities of the Macedonian king were part of his brilliant military strategy. But were they really born of his personality? Alexander III, king of the ancient state of Macedon, is often heralded as one of...

  • MHQ Magazine

    Conquer or Die! Hannibal Vs Scipio

    When the armies of Hannibal and Scipio collided in North Africa, the battle gave rise to an empire. One day in late October 202 BC, two of the ancient world’s greatest generals met for a parley. The Second Punic War, between Carthage and...

  • Military History Magazine

    Making the Rules of War

    From ancient origins the informal rules of war have developed into a complex code designed to curb man’s lawless violence. But does it work? All’s fair in love and war. In love, perhaps—in war almost never. Despite the impression...

  • Ask Mr. History

    Questions About the School System

    Questions About the School System...

  • HistoryNet

    The Cimbrian War, 113-101 B.C.

    Roman victory marked the beginning of the end for Rome as a republic. For a third of a century after Rome destroyed Carthage in 146 B.C., it faced no seriously threatening enemies in the Mediterranean region. Yet a major challenge was...

  • HistoryNet

    The Viking Assault on Constantinople, 860

    The “fury of the Northmen” hit the Byzantine Empire in a surprise attack on the Queen of Cities. Byzantine Emperor Theophilus was gracious in his treatment of the two ambassadors who had arrived unexpectedly in the imperial capital,...

  • HistoryNet

    Siege of Lachish, 701 B.C.

    The Assyrians’ mastery of siegecraft conquered ancient Judah. The opening stanza of Lord Byron’s imortrtal poem “The Destruction of Sennacherib” resonates with a sense of the overwhelming catastrophe the Assyrian “wolf”...