Facts, information and articles about P.G.T. Beauregard, a Civil War General during the American Civil War P.G.T. Beauregard Facts Born May 28, 1818 St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana Died February 20, 1893 New Orleans, Louisiana Nickname The Little Creole The Little Napoleon The Hero of Fort Sumter Years Of Service 1838–61 (USA), 1861–65 (CSA) Rank Brevet Major (USA) General (CSA) Battles Fought Mexican-American War Battle of Contreras Battle of Churubusco Battle for Mexico City Battle of Chapultepec American Civil War Battle of Fort Sumter First Battle of Bull Run Battle of Shiloh Siege of Corinth First Battle of Fort Wagner Second Battle of Fort Wagner Second Battle of Fort Sumter Bermuda Hundred Campaign Second Battle of Petersburg Battle of Bentonville P.G.T. Beauregard Articles Explore articles from the History Net archives about P.G.T. Beauregard » See all P.G.T. Beauregard Articles P.G.T. Beauregard summary: Pierre Gustave Toutant (PGT) Beauregard was a Confederate General during the American Civil War best known for his attack on Fort Sumter, thus starting the civil war. Beauregard was born May 28th 1818. His father was of French-Welsh descent and his mother from Spanish-Italian noble descent. Beauregard first language was French and he did not speak English until the age of 12. He attended the United States Military Academy where he trained as a civil engineer. Between 1848 and 1860, he built and maintained forts and other engineering projects. Beauregard Starts The Civil War Just before the Civil War began, Beauregard had a wealth of knowledge of fortifications and the Mississppi River which would benefit the Confederates. He was promoted up the ranks in the confederate Army by using his family connections which did not please his peers. At Fort Sumter on April 12th 1861 Civil War began when Beauregard’s Confederate troops fired and the Union surrendered Fort Sumter. Beauregard was rewarded for his victory by Davis with the command of the Alexandria Line. By July 21st 1861, he was promoted to General for his leadership skills and bravery at the First Battle of Bull Run. He criticised Davis and politicians for interfering and said they had no authority over military senior commanders of the Confederate army. Davis was not happy, but because of the public opinion that Beauregard was a hero, Beauregard was promoted to second in command of the Army of Mississippi. Beauregard At Shiloh At Shiloh, the commander of the Army of Mississippi was killed and Beauregard put himself in charge. After continuous fighting, Beauregard was forced to withdraw. Politicians were angered when other officers informed them that it should have been a Confederate victory. Beauregard took sick leave without permission and was dismissed by Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Beauregard protested and was made commander of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia in April 1864. He was best known for his defense of Petersburg. Beauregard was finally dismissed by Davis for his weak health in 1865. Articles Featuring P.G.T. Beauregard From History Net Magazines Confederates at ShilohOn April 6, 1862, following the first day of fighting, General Ulysses Grant ordered Union gunboats on the Tennessee River to fire broadsides all through the night, in an effort to unnerve the enemy. John S. Cockerill of the 70th Ohio, Buckland’s Brigade, recalled of that long, rainy night: “Wandering along the beach among the […] Last Chance for Peace: Fort Sumter at 150For months the Confederates trained dozens of guns on Fort Sumter. But no one seemed eager for war. Shiloh’s False HeroIn exchange for waving a white flag, Benjamin Prentiss was hailed as the savior of the “Hornets’ Nest” Battle of Shiloh: Shattering MythsEvents that have been distorted or enhanced by veterans and early battlefield administrators have become part of the accepted story of the April 1862 battle -- until now. Case in point: The Sunken Road wasn't. Battle of Shiloh: The Devil’s Own DayAt a small Methodist meeting house in southwestern Tennessee, Union and Confederate armies met for a 'must-win' battle in the spring of 1862. No one, however, expected the bloodbath that ensued. It was, said General William Sherman, 'the Devil's own day.' Military Technology: The Confederate Floating Battery Revival During the American Civil WarPopular during the Crimean War, the floating battery was revived by hard-pressed Confederates. America’s Civil War Comes to West PointThough the Corps of Cadets was forced apart by political differences in 1860-61, and passions grew intense, there were more tears than hurrahs among the Northerners when their Southern friends resigned. The last institution to divide, the Academy was one of the first to reunite. Immortal 600: Prisoners Under Fire at Charleston Harbor During the American Civil WarKnowingly exposing helpless prisoners to artillery fire seems unconscionable. War, however, has a way of fostering inhumane behavior. An Englishman’s Journey Through the Confederacy During America’s Civil WarSuave, gentlemanly Lt. Col. Arthur Fremantle of Her Majesty's Coldstream Guards picked an unusual vacation spot: the Civil War-torn United States. America’s Civil War: The South’s Feuding GeneralsIt sometimes seemed that Southern generals were more interested in fighting each other than in fighting Yankees. Their inability to get along together contributed greatly to the South's demise. Battle of Port RoyalAs Union warships steamed past the Confederate defenses near Port Royal, Flag Officer Samuel Du Pont proudly noted that army officers aboard his ship looked on 'with wonder and admiration.' A revolution in naval tactics had begun. Battle of Monroe’s Cross RoadsUnion General William Sherman considered Judson Kilpatrick, his cavalry chief, 'a hell of a damn fool.' At Monroe's Cross Roads, N.C., his carelessness and disobedience of orders proved Sherman's point. Book Review: The Pride of the Confederate Artillery: The Washington Artillery in the Army of Tennessee (Nathaniel Cheairs Hughes, Jr.) : ACWThe Pride of the Confederate Artillery: The Washington Artillery in the Army of Tennessee, by Nathaniel Cheairs Hughes, Jr., Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge, $29.95.While the wartime experiences of four companies of the celebrated Washington Artillery of New Orleans–those that served in the Army of Northern Virginia–have been thoroughly documented, the exploits of the […] South’s Feuding Generals – November ’99 America’s Civil War FeatureSouth's Feuding Generals By Richard Selcer It sometimes seemed that Southern generals were more interested in fighting each other than in fighting Yankees. Their inability to get along together contributed greatly to the South’s demise. Imagine a situation in the modern American army where officers refuse to fight under other officers, where generals openly defy […] Mexican War: The Proving Ground for Future American Civil War GeneralsFor young American army officers of the time, the Mexican War was not only the road to glory, it was the road to promotion--a proving ground for future Civil War generals.