Paid Advertisement
Historynet/feed historynet feedback facebook link World History Group RSS feed World History Group Subscriptions Historynet Home page

Ask MHQ: No German Carriers?

By Jon Guttmann 
Originally published by MHQ magazine. Published Online: November 12, 2013 
Print Friendly
0 comments FONT +  FONT -

Graf Zeppelin launch, 1938 (AKG-Images/Ullstein Bild)
Graf Zeppelin launch, 1938 (AKG-Images/Ullstein Bild)

Q. Why didn't Germany have aircraft carriers in World War II?

Tom DeBarber 

A.  Nazi Germany was constantly changing its priorities. A carrier was, in fact, laid out in Kiel, a German shipbuilding harbor, on December 26, 1936, and launched as Graf Zeppelin on December 8, 1938. The ship was never completed, however. After Germany's victories in the west in 1940, the Kriegsmarine focused more on coastal guns and other defenses for its new bases.

When it came to carrier aircraft, there were plans for navalized Me-109T fighters (the "T" signifying träger, or "carrier") and Ju-87E dive-bombers. But Reichs­marschall Hermann Göring insisted that the Luftwaffe's growing needs took precedence over specialized naval aircraft. After the disappointing performance of German warships in the 1942 Battle of the Barents Sea, newly installed naval commander in chief Karl Dönitz talked Adolf Hitler out of scrapping the entire fleet, but the on-and-off work on Graf Zeppelin ceased for good.

Subscribe Today

Subscribe to MHQ magazine


Q.  What was the role of the country of Colombia in the Korean War, particularly at the Fifth Battle of Hill 266 (known as Old Baldy)?

Nancy Warthan 

A.  Colombia was the only South American nation to participate in the Korean War, first sending troops to join U.S. and United Nations forces on November 1, 1950. Ultimately, 5,100 Colombians would serve.

At Old Baldy, the Chinese pushed the U.S. 7th Infantry Division from the hill on March 26, 1953, leaving only the Colombian Battalion. The Colombians' counterattack dealt a serious blow to the Chinese, who suffered an estimated 750 casualties. The Colombians lost 20 percent of their troops, but if not for them, the Chinese might have advanced deep into U.N. territory.


Jon Guttman, Weider History Group's research director, is the author of many military histories.

Leave a Reply

Human Verification: In order to verify that you are a human and not a spam bot, please enter the answer into the following box below based on the instructions contained in the graphic.

Related Articles

History Net Images Spacer
Paid Advertisement
Paid Advertisement
History Net Daily Activities
History net Spacer
History net Spacer
Historynet Spacer

Which of these wars resulted in the most surprising underdog upset?

View Results | See previous polls

Loading ... Loading ...
History net Spacer
RSS Feed Daily Email Update
History net Spacer
Paid Advertisement

Paid Advertisement
What is HistoryNet? is brought to you by World History Group, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines.

If you are interested in a specific history subject, try searching our archives, you are bound to find something to pique your interest.

From Our Magazines
World History Group

World History Group Network:  HistoryNet | Armchair General | Achtung Panzer!
Today in History | Ask Mr. History | Picture of the Day | Daily History Quiz | Contact Us

Copyright © 2015 World History Group. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.
Advertise With Us | Subscription Help | Privacy Policy