Today in History: September 30

Today in History: September 30

Pick a day:

September 29 October 1

1399

Richard II is deposed.

1568

Eric XIV, king of Sweden, is deposed after showing signs of madness.

1630

John Billington, one of the original pilgrims who sailed to the New World on the Mayflower, becomes the first man executed in the English colonies. He is hanged for having shot another man during a quarrel

1703

The French, at Hochstadt in the War of the Spanish Succession, suffer only 1,000 casualties to the 11,000 of their opponents, the Austrians of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I.

1791

Mozart's opera The Magic Flute is performed for the first time in Vienna

1846

The first anesthetized tooth extraction is performed by Dr. William Morton in Charleston, Massachusetts.

1864

Confederate troops fail to retake Fort Harrison from the Union forces during the siege of Petersburg.

1911

Italy declares war on Turkey over control of Tripoli.

1918

Bulgaria pulls out of World War I.

1927

Babe Ruth hits his 60th home run of the season off Tom Zachary in Yankee Stadium, New York City.

1935

George Gershwin's opera Porgy and Bess opens at the Colonial Theatre in Boston.

1938

Under German threats of war, Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign an accord permitting Germany to take control of Sudetenland--a region of Czechoslovakia inhabited by a German-speaking minority.

1939

The French Army is called back into France from its invasion of Germany. The attack, code named Operation Saar, only penetrated five miles.

1943

The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps becomes the Women's Army Corps, a regular contingent of the U.S. Army with the same status as other army service corps.

1949

The Berlin Airlift is officially halted after 277,264 flights.

1950

U.N. forces cross the 38th parallel separating North and South Korea as they pursue the retreating North Korean Army.

1954

NATO nations agree to arm and admit West Germany.

1954

The first atomic-powered submarine, the Nautilus, is commissioned in Groton, Connecticut.

1955

Actor and teen idol James Dean is killed in a car crash while driving his Porsche on his way to enter it into a race in Salinas, California.

1960

Fifteen African nations are admitted to the United Nations.

1962

U.S. Marshals escort James H. Meredith into the University of Mississippi; two die in the mob violence that follows.

1965

The 30 September Movement unsuccessfully attempts coup against Indonesian government; an anti-communist purge in the aftermath results in over 500,000 deaths.

1965

President Lyndon Johnson signs legislation that establishes the National Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities.

1966

Bechuanaland ceases to be a British protectorate and becomes the independent Republic of Botswana.

1972

Pro baseball great Roberto Clemente hits his 3,000th—and final—hit of his career.

1975

The AH-64 Apache attack helicopter makes its first flight.

1994

Aldwych tube station (originally Strand Station) of the London Underground transit system closes after 88 years.

1999

Japan's second-worst nuclear accident occurs at a uranium processing facility in Tokaimura, killing two technicians.

2009

Earthquakes in Sumatra kill more than 1,115 people.