Today in History: September 22

Today in History: September 22

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September 21 September 23

1656

The General Provincial Court in session at Patuxent, Maryland, impanels the first all-woman jury in the Colonies to hear evidence against Judith Catchpole, who is accused of murdering her child. The jury acquits her after hearing her defense of never having been pregnant.

1711

The Tuscarora Indian War begins with a massacre of settlers in North Carolina, following white encroachment that included the enslaving of Indian children.

1776

American Captain Nathan Hale is hanged as a spy by the British in New York City; his last words are reputed to have been, "I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country."

1789

Russian forces under Aleksandr Suvorov drive the Turkish army under Yusuf Pasha from the Rymnik River, upsetting the Turkish invasion of Russia.

1862

President Abraham Lincoln issues a proclamation calling for all slaves within the rebel states to be freed on January 1, a political move that helps keep the British from intervening on the side of the South.

1869

The Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team, arrive in San Francisco after a rollicking, barnstorming tour of the West.

1893

Bicycle makers Charles and Frank Duryea show off the first American automobile produced for sale to the public by taking it on a maiden run through the streets of Springfield, Massachusetts.

1906

Race riots in Atlanta, Georgia leave 21 people dead.

1914

The German cruiser Emden shells Madras, India, destroying 346,000 gallons of fuel and killing only five civilians.

1915

Xavier University, the first African-American Catholic college, opens in New Orleans, Louisiana.

1918

General Allenby leads the British army against the Turks, taking Haifa and Nazareth, Palestine.

1919

President Woodrow Wilson abandons his national tour to support the League of Nations when he suffers a case of nervous exhaustion.

1929

Communist and Nazi factions clash in Berlin.

1945

President Harry Truman accepts U.S. Secretary of War Stimson's recommendation to designate the war World War II.

1947

A Douglas C-54 Skymaster makes the first automatic pilot flight over the Atlantic.

1961

President John Kennedy signs a congressional act establishing the Peace Corps.

1969

Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants becomes the first baseball player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 home runs.

1970

President Richard M. Nixon signs a bill giving the District of Columbia representation in the U.S. Congress.

1975

Sara Jane Moore attempts to assassinate US President Gerald Ford, the second attempt on his life in less than three weeks.

1980

The Iran-Iraq War begins as Iraq invades Iran; lasting until August 1988, it was the longest conventional war of the 20th century.

1991

Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time.