Today in History: September 13

Today in History: September 13

Pick a day:

September 12 September 14

1515

King Francis of France defeats the Swiss army under Cardinal Matthaus Schiner at Marignano, northern Italy.

1549

Pope Paul III closes the first session of the Council of Bologna.

1564

On the verge of attacking Pedro Menendez's Spanish settlement at San Agostin, Florida, Jean Ribault's French fleet is scattered by a devastating storm.

1759

British troops defeat the French on the plains of Abraham, in Quebec.

1774

Anne Robert Turgot, the new controller of finances, urges the king of France to restore the free circulation of grain in the kingdom.

1782

The British fortress at Gibraltar comes under attack by French and Spanish forces.

1788

The Constitutional Convention authorizes the first federal election resolving that electors in all the states will be appointed on January 7, 1789.

1789

Guardsmen in Orleans, France, open fire on rioters trying to loot bakeries, killing 90.

1846

General Winfield Scott takes Chapultepec, removing the last obstacle to U.S. troops moving on Mexico City.

1862

Union troops in Frederick, Maryland, discover General Robert E. Lee's attack plans for the invasion of Maryland wrapped around a pack of cigars. They give the plans to General George B. McClellan who sends the Army of the Potomac to confront Lee but only after a delay of more than half a day.

1863

The Loudoun County Rangers route a company of Confederate cavalry at Catoctin Mountain in Virginia.

1905

U.S. warships head to Nicaragua on behalf of American William Albers, who was accused of evading tobacco taxes.

1918

U.S. and French forces take St. Mihiel, France in America's first action as a standing army.

1945

Iran demands the withdrawal of Allied forces.

1951

In Korea, U.S. Army troops begin their assault in Heartbreak Ridge. The month-long struggle will cost 3,700 casualties.

1961

An unmanned Mercury capsule is orbited and recovered by NASA in a test.

1976

The United States announces it will veto Vietnam's UN bid.

1988

Hurricane Gilbert becomes the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere, based on barometric pressure. Hurricane Wilma will break that record in 2005.

1993

The Oslo Accords, granting limited Palestinian autonomy, are signed by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House.

2007

UN adopts non-binding Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

2008

Hurricane Ike makes landfall in Texas; it had already been the most costly storm in Cuba's history and becomes the third costliest in the US.

2008

Five synchronized bomb blasts occur in crowded locations of Delhi, India, killing at least 30 people and injuring more than 100; four other bombs are defused.