Today in History: September 9

Today in History: September 9

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0337

Constantine's three sons, already Caesars, each take the title of Augustus. Constantine II and Constans share the west while Constantius II takes control of the east.

1087

William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and King of England, dies in Rouen while conducting a war which began when the French king made fun of him for being fat.

1513

King James IV of Scotland is defeated and killed by English at Flodden.

1585

Pope Sixtus V deprives Henry of Navarre of his rights to the French crown.

1776

The term "United States" is adopted by the Continental Congress to be used instead of the "United Colonies."

1791

French Royalists take control of Arles and barricade themselves inside the town.

1834

Parliament passes the Municipal Corporations Act, reforming city and town governments in England.

1850

California, in the midst of a gold rush, enters the Union as the 31st state.

1863

The Union Army of the Cumberland passes through Chattanooga as they chase after the retreating Confederates. The Union troops will soon be repulsed at the Battle of Chickamauga.

1886

The Berne International Copyright Convention takes place.

1911

An airmail route opens between London and Windsor.

1915

A German zeppelin bombs London for the first time, causing little damage.

1926

The Radio Corporation of America creates the National Broadcasting Co.

1942

A Japanese float plane, launched from a submarine, makes its first bombing run on a U.S. forest near Brookings, Oregon.

1943

Allied troops land at Salerno, Italy and encounter strong resistance from German troops.

1948

Kim Il-sung declares the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

1956

Elvis Presley makes his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show; cameras focus on his upper torso and legs to avoid showing his pelvis gyrations, which many Americans—including Ed Sullivan—thought unfit for a family show.

1965

US Department of Housing and Urban Development established.

1965

Hurricane Betsy, the first hurricane to exceed $1 billion in damages (unadjusted), makes its second landfall, near New Orleans.

1969

Canada's Official Languages Act takes effect, making French equal to English as a language within the nation's government.

1970

U.S. Marines launch Operation Dubois Square, a 10-day search for North Vietnamese troops near Da Nang.

1971

Attica Prison Riot; the 4-day riot leaves 39 dead.

1976

Communist Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung dies in Beijing at age 82.

1990

Sri Lankan Army massacres 184 civilians of the Tamil minority in the Batticaloa District of Sri Lanka.

1991

Tajikistan declares independence from USSR.

1993

The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.

2001

A car bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.

2001

Two al Qaeda assassins kill Ahmad Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan.