Today in History: September 4

Today in History: September 4

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1260

At the Battle of Montaperto in Italy, the Tuscan Ghibellines, who support the emperor, defeat the Florentine Guelfs, who support papal power.

1479

After four years of war, Spain agrees to allow a Portuguese monopoly of trade along Africa's west coast and Portugal acknowledges Spain's rights in the Canary Islands.

1781

Los Angeles, first an Indian village Yangma, is founded by Spanish decree.

1787

Louis XVI of France recalls parliament.

1790

Jacques Necker is forced to resign as finance minister in France.

1804

USS Intrepid explodes while entering Tripoli harbor on a mission to destroy the enemy fleet there during the First Barbary War.

1820

Czar Alexander declares that Russian influence in North America extends as far south as Oregon and closes Alaskan waters to foreigners.

1862

Robert E. Lee's Confederate army invades Maryland, starting the Antietam Campaign.

1870

A republic is proclaimed in Paris and a government of national defense is formed.

1881

The Edison electric lighting system goes into operation as a generator serving 85 paying customers is switched on.

1886

Elusive Apache leader Geronimo surrenders to General Nelson A. Miles at Skeleton Canyon, Ariz.

1893

Beatrix Potter sends a note to her governess' son with the first drawing of Peter Rabbit, Cottontail and others. The Tale of Petter Rabbit is published eight years later.

1915

The U.S. military places Haiti under martial law to quell a rebellion in its capital Port-au-Prince.

1941

German submarine U-652 fires at the U.S. destroyer Greer off Iceland, beginning an undeclared shooting war.

1942

Soviet planes bomb Budapest in the war's first air raid on the Hungarian capital.

1943

Allied troops capture Lae-Salamaua, in New Guinea.

1944

British troops liberate Antwerp, Belgium.

1945

The American flag is raised on Wake Island after surrender ceremonies there.

1951

The first transcontinental television broadcast in America is carried by 94 stations.

1957

Arkansas governor Orval Faubus calls out the National Guard to bar African-American students from entering a Little Rock high school.

1967

Operation Swift begins as US Marines engage North Vietnamese Army troops in Que Son Valley.

1972

Mark Spitz becomes first Olympic competitor to win 7 medals during a single Olympics Games.

1975

Sinai II Agreement between Egypt and Israel pledges that conflicts between the two countries "shall not be resolved by military force but by peaceful means."

1998

Google founded by Stanford University students Larry Page and Sergey Brin.