Today in History: October 28

Today in History: October 28

Pick a day:

October 27 October 29

0312

Constantine the Great defeats Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius at the Mulvian Bridge.

0969

After a prolonged siege, the Byzantines end 300 years of Arab rule in Antioch.

1216

Henry III of England is crowned.

1628

After a fifteen-month siege, the Huguenot town of La Rochelle surrenders to royal forces.

1636

Harvard College, the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, is founded in Cambridge, Mass.

1768

Germans and Acadians join French Creoles in their armed revolt against the Spanish governor of New Orleans.

1793

Eli Whitney applies for a patent on the cotton gin, a machine which cleans the tight-clinging seeds from short-staple cotton easily and effectively--a job which was previously done by hand.

1863

In a rare night attack, Confederates under Gen. James Longstreet attack a Federal force near Chattanooga, Tennessee, hoping to cut their supply line, the "cracker line." They fail.

1886

The Statue of Liberty, originally named Liberty Enlightening the World, is dedicated at Liberty Island, N. Y., formerly Bedloe's Island, by President Grover Cleveland

1901

Race riots sparked by Booker T. Washington's visit to the White House kill 34.

1904

The St. Louis police try a new investigation method: fingerprints.

1914

George Eastman announces the invention of the color photographic process.

1914

The German cruiser Emden, disguised as a British ship, steams into Penang Harbor near Malaya and sinks the Russian light cruiser Zhemchug.

1919

Over President Wilson's veto, Congress passes the National Prohibition Act, or Volstead Act, named after its promoter, Congressman Andrew J. Volstead. It provides enforcement guidelines for the Prohibition Amendment.

1927

Pan American Airways launches the first scheduled international flight.

1940

Italy invades Greece, launching six divisions on four fronts from occupied Albania.

1944

The first B-29 Superfortress bomber mission flies from the airfields in the Mariana Islands in a strike against the Japanese base at Truk.

1960

In a note to the OAS (Organization of American States), the United States charges that Cuba has been receiving substantial quantities of arms and numbers of military technicians" from the Soviet bloc.

1962

Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev orders Soviet missiles removed from Cuba, ending the Cuban Missile Crisis.

1965

Construction completed on St. Louis Arch; at 630 feet (192m), it is the world's tallest arch.

1971

Britain launches the satellite Prospero into orbit, using a Black Arrow carrier rocket; this is the first and so far (2013) only British satellite launched by a British rocket.

1982

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party wins election, giving Spain its first Socialist government since the death of right-wing President Francisco Franco.

2005

Libby "Scooter" Lewis, chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, resigns after being indicted for "outing" CIA agent Valerie Plame.

2007

Argentina elects its first woman president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.