Today in History: October 27

Today in History: October 27

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October 26 October 28

0097

To placate the Praetorians of Germany, Nerva of Rome adopts Trajan, the Spanish-born governor of lower Germany.

1553

Michael Servetus, who discovered the pulmonary circulation of the blood, is burned for heresy in Switzerland.

1612

A Polish army that invaded Russia capitulates to Prince Dimitri Pojarski and his Cossacks.

1791

President George Washington transmits to Congress the results of the first US census, exclusive of South Carolina which had not yet submitted its findings.

1806

Emperor Napoleon enters Berlin.

1809

President James Madison orders the annexation of the western part of West Florida. Settlers there had rebelled against Spanish authority.

1862

A Confederate force is routed at the Battle of Georgia Landing, near Bayou Lafourche in Louisiana.

1870

The French fortress of Metz surrenders to the Prussian Army.

1873

Farmer Joseph F. Glidden applies for a patent on barbed wire. Glidden eventually received five patents and is generally considered the inventor of barbed wire.

1891

D. B. Downing, inventor, is awarded a patent for the street letter (mail) box.

1904

The New York subway officially opens running from the Brooklyn Bridge uptown to Broadway at 145th Street.

1907

The first trial in the Eulenberg Affair ends in Germany.

1917

20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York. As the largest state and the first on the East Coast to do so, New York has an important effect on the movement to grant all women the vote in all elections.

1922

In Italy, liberal Luigi Facta's cabinet resigns after threats from Mussolini that "either the government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome." Mussolini calls for a general mobilization of all Fascists.

1927

Fox Movie-tone news, the first sound news film, is released.

1941

In a broadcast to the nation on Navy Day, President Franklin Roosevelt declares: "America has been attacked, the shooting has started." He does not ask for full-scale war yet, realizing that many Americans are not yet ready for such a step.

1954

Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the US Air Force.

1962

Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev offers to remove Soviet missile bases in Cuba if the U.S. removes its missile bases in Turkey.

1962

American U-2 reconnaissance plane shot down by a surface-to-air missile over Cuba, killing the pilot, Maj. Rudolf Anderson, the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

1964

The political career of future US president Ronald Reagan is launched when he delivers a speech on behalf of Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater.

1971

The Democratic Republic of the Congo renamed Zaire.

1986

London Stock Exchange rules change as Britain suddenly deregulates financial markets, an event called the Big Bang.

1988

US President Ronald Reagan decides to tear down a new US Embassy in Moscow because Soviet listening devices were built into the structure.

1997

Stock markets crash around the world over fears of a global economic meltdown.